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  1. This study aimed to examine the psychometric performance of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) used in Indonesian patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI).

    Authors: I Putu Gde Surya Adhitya, Wen-Yu Yu, Putu Ayu Sita Saraswati, I Made Niko Winaya and Mau-Roung Lin
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:50
  2. Footwear has an essential role including protection of the feet, overall performance, foot health and potentially, supporting normal development of the foot. In addition to these physical aspects which may inf...

    Authors: Carina Price, Sue Skidmore, Jane Ratcliffe and Anita Williams
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:49
  3. Achilles tendon (AT) pathologies, particularly Achilles enthesitis, are common in inflammatory arthritis (IA). Although there are various non-pharmacological interventions and injection therapies available, it...

    Authors: Shaily Modi, Deborah Turner and Kym Hennessy
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:48
  4. Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common lower leg injury experienced by runners. Although numerous risk factors are reported in the literature, many are non-modifiable and management of the injury rem...

    Authors: Joshua Mattock, Julie R. Steele and Karen J. Mickle
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:47
  5. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, populations were advised to remain at home to control viral spread. Government-mandated restrictions on free movement affected individuals’ engagement with physical activi...

    Authors: Lindsey Cherry, Lucy Gates, David Culliford, Karen Walker-Bone and Mari Carmen Portillo
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:46
  6. Healthcare aims to promote good health and yet demonstrably contributes to climate change, which is purported to be ‘the biggest global health threat of the 21st century’. This is happening now, with healthcare a...

    Authors: Angela Margaret Evans
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:45
  7. Charcot neuroarthropathy (Charcot foot) is a highly destructive joint disease of the foot and ankle. If there is delayed diagnosis and treatment, it can lead to gross deformity, instability, recurrent ulcerati...

    Authors: Danielle A. Griffiths and Michelle R. Kaminski
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:44
  8. Maintenance of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) of the foot is fundamental during functional tasks and disorders can lead to clinical alterations. Studies have demonstrated that deficits in ankle isokinetic ...

    Authors: Leandro C. Guenka, Aline C. Carrasco, Alexandre R. M. Pelegrinelli, Mariana F. Silva, Laís F. Dela Bela, Felipe A. Moura and Jefferson Rosa Cardoso
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:43
  9. Real time clinical gait analysis (RTCGA) is often incorporated as part of a general or lower limb musculoskeletal (MSK) adult patient assessment. However, it is not known if RTCGA is clinically effective as a ...

    Authors: Paul Harradine, Lucy Gates, Cheryl Metcalf and Catherine Bowen
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:42
  10. Chronic ankle instability, developing from ankle sprain, is one of the most common sports injuries. Besides it being an ankle issue, chronic ankle instability can also cause additional injuries. Investigating ...

    Authors: Chiao-I Lin, Sanne Houtenbos, Yu-Hsien Lu, Frank Mayer and Pia-Maria Wippert
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:41
  11. Podiatrists in New Zealand have a duty of care to assist patients in an emergency, and current cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification is a requirement for registration. However, it is unknown how co...

    Authors: Angela Brenton-Rule, Daniel Harvey, Kevin Moran, Daniel O’Brien and Jonathon Webber
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:40
  12. Podiatrists, in musculoskeletal services, are demonstrating an expansion of their practice skills through the use of ultrasound imaging. There is an assumption that this practice is beneficial within the conte...

    Authors: Charlotte Dando, Richard Ellis, Matthew Carroll, Prue Molyneux, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Heidi J. Siddle, Lindsey Cherry, Alfred Gatt and Catherine Bowen
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:39
  13. Developing since colonisation, Australia’s healthcare system has dismissed an ongoing and successful First Nations health paradigm in place for 60,000 years. From Captain James Cook documenting ‘very old’ Firs...

    Authors: James M. Gerrard, Shirley Godwin, Vivienne Chuter, Shannon E. Munteanu, Matthew West and Fiona Hawke
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:38
  14. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: E. J. Huijbrechts, J. Dekker, M. Tenten-Diepenmaat, M. Gerritsen and M. van der Leeden
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:37

    The original article was published in Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:15

  15. Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) exhibit many biomechanical changes to lower limbs during walking. However, only a few studies have investigated the differences in lower limb biomechanics of in...

    Authors: Gabriel Moisan, Camille Mainville, Martin Descarreaux and Vincent Cantin
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:36
  16. Diabetes mellitus is associated with changes in soft tissue structure and function. However, the directionality of this change and the extent to which either tissue thickness or stiffness contributes to the pa...

    Authors: Benedictine Yen Chen Khor, James Woodburn, Lisa Newcombe and Ruth Barn
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:35
  17. Plantar heel pain (PHP) accounts for 11–15% of foot symptoms requiring professional care in adults. Recovery is variable, with no robust prognostic guides for sufferers, clinicians or researchers. Therefore, w...

    Authors: Halime Gulle, Trevor Prior, Stuart Miller, Aleksandra V. Birn-Jeffery and Dylan Morrissey
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:34
  18. Training for a career in podiatry is reported to provide graduates with excellent employability, alongside professional autonomy and suitable renumeration. Yet, there has been an ongoing decline in the number ...

    Authors: D. Whitham, S. Whitham, M. Trowell and S. Otter
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:33
  19. Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is one of the most common lower leg injuries in sporting populations. It accounts for between 6 and 16% of all running injuries, and up to 53% of lower leg injuries in mili...

    Authors: Nat Padhiar, Mark Curtin, Osama Aweid, Bashaar Aweid, Dylan Morrissey, Otto Chan, Peter Malliaras and Tom Crisp
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:32
  20. Podoconiosis is entirely preventable, non-communicable disease with high potential of elimination. The prevalence of podoconiosis in Ethiopia was 7.45%. One of the pillars for elimination of podoconiosis is mo...

    Authors: Chuchu Churko, Mekuria Asnakew Asfaw, Abayneh Tunje, Eyayou Girma and Zerihun Zerdo
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:31
  21. An intractable plantar keratoma (IPK) is a conical thickening of the epidermis’ stratum corneum and a common cause of foot pain which can have a significant, detrimental impact on the mobility, quality of life...

    Authors: Marie-Philippe Mercier, Virginie Blanchette, Vincent Cantin and Magali Brousseau-Foley
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:30
  22. The prevalence of diabetes is rising, and diabetes develops at a younger age in East Asia. Although lower limb amputation negatively affects quality of life and increases the risk of cardiovascular events, lit...

    Authors: Masanori Kaneko, Kazuya Fujihara, Mayuko Yamada Harada, Taeko Osawa, Masahiko Yamamoto, Masaru Kitazawa, Yasuhiro Matsubayashi, Takaho Yamada, Hiroyasu Seida, Satoru Kodama and Hirohito Sone
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:29
  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kevin Deschamps, Antoine Brabants, Chris Nester, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Engin Simşek and Veronica Newton
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:28

    The original article was published in Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:22

  24. With growing global prevalence of diabetes mellitus, diabetes-related foot disease (DFD) is contributing significantly to disease burden. As more healthcare resources are being dedicated to the management of D...

    Authors: Uyen Giao Vo, Molly Gilfillan, Emma Jane Hamilton, Laurens Manning, Bijit Munshi, Jonathan Hiew, Paul Edward Norman and Jens Carsten Ritter
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:27
  25. Acute Charcot Neuroarthropathy (CN) is a destructive condition that is characterised by acute fractures, dislocations and joint destruction in the weight-bearing foot. The acute phase is often misdiagnosed and...

    Authors: D. Diacogiorgis, B. M. Perrin and M. I. C. Kingsley
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:26
  26. Foot orthoses have been used for decades despite uncertainty surrunding their therapeutic efficacy. Orthoses have been used exclusively to affect neuro-biomechanical input and outcome variables, however, there...

    Authors: Kevin Deschamps, Chris Nester, Veronica Newton, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Engin Simsek and Antoine Brabants
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:25
  27. Foot characteristics and mechanics are hypothesized to affect aetiology of several lower extremity musculoskeletal conditions, including knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The purpose of this systematic review was to ...

    Authors: Rania N. Almeheyawi, Alessio Bricca, Jody L. Riskowski, Ruth Barn and Martijn Steultjens
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:24
  28. A small minority of countries around the globe have podiatry as a recognized profession, hence, there are considerable differences among these countries when it comes to the curricula, the duration of training...

    Authors: Kevin Deschamps, Antoine Brabants, Chris Nester, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Engin Simşek and Veronica Newton
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:22

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:28

  29. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between ankle joint laxity and general joint laxity (GJL) in relation to the menstrual cycle, which was divided into four phases based on basal ...

    Authors: Tomomi Yamazaki, Sae Maruyama, Yuki Sato, Yukako Suzuki, Sohei Shimizu, Fumiya Kaneko, Masahiro Ikezu, Kanta Matsuzawa and Mutsuaki Edama
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:21
  30. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) procedures cause less trauma to the patient and might improve recovery. This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of condylectomy with MIS to treat interdigital cor...

    Authors: Luis M. Marti-Martinez, Rubén Lorca-Gutierrez, Salvador Pedro Sánchez-Pérez, Jonatan Garcia-Campos, Nadia Fernández Ehrling and Javier Ferrer-Torregrosa
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:20
  31. Foot healthcare research is focusing increasingly on personalized orthotic and prosthetic devices to address patient-specific morphology and ailments. Customization requires advanced 3D image processing tools ...

    Authors: Giulia Rogati, Alberto Leardini, Maurizio Ortolani and Paolo Caravaggi
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:18
  32. Hallux valgus, lesser toe deformity, and muscle weakness of the toe flexors contribute to falls in older people. This study aimed to examine the differences in toe flexor strength and foot morphology in older ...

    Authors: Mieko Yokozuka and Sei Sato
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:17
  33. Australian podiatrists and podiatric surgeons who have successfully completed the requirements for endorsement for scheduled medicines, as directed by the Podiatry Board of Australia, are eligible to prescribe...

    Authors: Kristin Graham, Helen A. Banwell, Ryan S. Causby, Saravana Kumar, Esther Jie Tian and Lisa Nissen
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:16
  34. Foot and ankle problems are common in rheumatic disorders and often lead to pain and limitations in functioning, affecting quality of life. There appears to be large variability in the management of foot probl...

    Authors: E. J. Huijbrechts, J. Dekker, M. Tenten-Diepenmaat, M. Gerritsen and M. van der Leeden
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:15

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:37

  35. Diabetes-related foot lesions are a major cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputations and are associated with a high re-amputation rate. Lesions can cause hindrance in activities of daily living, reduce phys...

    Authors: Shinsuke Imaoka, Koji Sato, Masahide Furukawa, Minoru Okita and Toshio Higashi
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:14
  36. The application of ankle braces is an effective method for the prevention of recurrent ankle sprains. It has been proposed that the reduction of injury rates is based on the mechanical stiffness of the brace a...

    Authors: Patrick Fuerst, Albert Gollhofer, Markus Wenning and Dominic Gehring
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:13
  37. Self-care in diabetes related foot disease (DFD) is challenging and contributes to poor outcomes. Motivational Interviewing (MI) can engage people in self-care and modifying it by integrating imagery may furth...

    Authors: Tracey Kaczmarek, Jaap J. Van Netten, Peter A. Lazzarini and David Kavanagh
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:12
  38. On the 19th of January, 2020, the Chief Medical Officer of Australia issued a statement about a novel coronavirus, or SARS-CoV-2. Since this date, there have been variable jurisdictional responses, including l...

    Authors: Cylie M. Williams, Anna Couch, Terry Haines and Hylton B. Menz
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:11
  39. To utilise the 2019 International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot (IWGDF) - diabetic foot infection (DFI) guidelines as an audit tool for clinical practice in patients with diabetes attending a High-Risk Fo...

    Authors: Matthew Malone, Adriaan Erasmus, Saskia Schwarzer, Namson S. Lau, Mehtab Ahmad and Hugh G. Dickson
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:10
  40. For university-based podiatry education there are little data available documenting the delivery method and impact of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health curricula or the use of, and outcomes from, im...

    Authors: Matthew West, Sean Sadler, Fiona Hawke, Shannon E. Munteanu and Vivienne Chuter
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:9
  41. Diabetes-related foot disease (DFD) is a leading cause of global hospitalisation, amputation and disability burdens; yet, the epidemiology of the DFD burden is unclear in Australia. We aimed to systematically ...

    Authors: Yuqi Zhang, Jaap J. van Netten, Mendel Baba, Qinglu Cheng, Rosana Pacella, Steven M. McPhail, Susanna Cramb and Peter A. Lazzarini
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:8
  42. Diabetes-related foot disease, particularly when associated with amputation, affects quality of life and has a significant impact on health care costs. A pilot study using enhanced technology to facilitate rem...

    Authors: Fiona Main, Ania Zubala, Jane Gorman, Sandra Jones, Jenny Hall, David Macfarlane and Sandra MacRury
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:7
  43. People with diabetes are at high risk of foot complications that can lead to lower extremity amputations. National standards suggest that early assessment and management by a podiatry led multidisciplinary hig...

    Authors: Clare Linton, Angela Searle, Fiona Hawke, Peta Ellen Tehan and Vivienne Chuter
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:6
  44. The leg muscles are important for balance, posture, and movement during static and dynamic activity. Obtaining cross-sectional area measurements (CSA) of the leg muscles helps researchers understand the health...

    Authors: Joshua K. Sponbeck, Clint R. Frandsen, Sarah T. Ridge, Derek A. Swanson, Dallin C. Swanson and A. Wayne Johnson
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:5
  45. Foot health problems are common in the general population, and particularly so in people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal disorders (RMD). Several clinical guidelines state that people with RMDs should have ...

    Authors: J. L. Palmer, H. J. Siddle, A. C. Redmond and B. Alcacer-Pitarch
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:4
  46. In the production of ankle-foot orthoses and in-shoe foot orthoses, lower leg morphology is traditionally captured using a plaster cast or foam impression box. Plaster-based processes are a time-consuming and ...

    Authors: Muhannad Farhan, Joyce Zhanzi Wang, Paula Bray, Joshua Burns and Tegan L. Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:2
  47. Diabetes related foot complications are increasing in complexity, frequency and cost. The application of self-management strategies can reduce the risk of individuals developing foot complications. The type, r...

    Authors: Joanne Paton, Sally Abey, Phil Hendy, Jennifer Williams, Richard Collings and Lynne Callaghan
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2021 14:1