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  1. Measuring the strength of individual foot muscles is very challenging; however, measuring muscle morphology has been shown to be associated with strength. A reliable method of assessing foot muscle atrophy and...

    Authors: Karen J Mickle, Christopher J Nester, Gillian Crofts and Julie R Steele
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:12
  2. Neuropathic deformities impair foot and ankle joint mobility, often leading to abnormal stresses and impact forces. The purpose of our study was to determine differences in radiographic measures of hind foot a...

    Authors: David R Sinacore, David J Gutekunst, Mary K Hastings, Michael J Strube, Kathryn L Bohnert, Fred W Prior and Jeffrey E Johnson
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:11
  3. The foot and ankle are frequently affected in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). One of the negative consequences of RA on the physical function of patients is a decrease in muscle strength. However, lit...

    Authors: Matthew Carroll, William Joyce, Angela Brenton-Rule, Nicola Dalbeth and Keith Rome
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:10
  4. Hallux valgus (HV) has been linked to functional disability and increased falls risk in older adults. However, specific gait alterations in individuals with HV are unclear. This systematic review investigated ...

    Authors: Sheree E Nix, Bill T Vicenzino, Natalie J Collins and Michelle D Smith
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:9
  5. Thong style flip-flops are a popular form of footwear for children. Health professionals relate the wearing of thongs to foot pathology and deformity despite the lack of quantitative evidence to support or ref...

    Authors: Angus Chard, Andrew Greene, Adrienne Hunt, Benedicte Vanwanseele and Richard Smith
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:8
  6. The Lisfranc ligament plays an integral role in providing stability to the midfoot. Variable clinical presentations and radiographic findings make injuries to the Lisfranc ligament notoriously difficult to dia...

    Authors: David D Rettedal, Nathan C Graves, Joshua J Marshall, Katherine Frush and Vassilios Vardaxis
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:7
  7. Trauma, in the form of pressure and/or friction from footwear, is a common cause of foot ulceration in people with diabetes. These practical recommendations regarding the provision of footwear for people with ...

    Authors: Shan M Bergin, Vanessa L Nube, Jan B Alford, Bernard P Allard, Joel M Gurr, Emma L Holland, Mark W Horsley, Maarten C Kamp, Peter A Lazzarini, Ashim K Sinha, Jason T Warnock and Paul R Wraight
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:6
  8. The Editors of Journal of Foot and Ankle Research would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 5 (2012).

    Authors: Hylton Menz and Mike Potter
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:4
  9. Flexor tenotomy is a minimally invasive surgical alternative for the treatment of neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers on the distal end of the toe. The influence of infection on healing and time to heal after fle...

    Authors: Jaap J van Netten, Adriaan Bril and Jeff G van Baal
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:3
  10. Recently an article provided patient perspectives on therapies and perceived effectiveness in preventing muscle cramps. However, there are few studies evaluating physicians’ point of view in the management of ...

    Authors: Mary Jane Lim Fat, Seint Kokokyi and Hans Dieter Katzberg
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:2
  11. Research is a major driver of health care improvement and evidence-based practice is becoming the foundation of health care delivery. For health professions to develop within emerging models of health care del...

    Authors: Peter A Lazzarini, Julia Geraghty, Ewan M Kinnear, Mark Butterworth and Donna Ward
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013 6:1
  12. Total contact casting is regarded as the gold standard treatment for plantar foot ulcers. Load transfer from the plantar surface of the foot to the walls of the total contact cast has previously been assessed ...

    Authors: Lindy Begg, Patrick McLaughlin, Leon Manning, Mauro Vicaretti, John Fletcher and Joshua Burns
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:32
  13. Neuropathic diabetic foot ulceration may be prevented if the mechanical stress transmitted to the plantar tissues is reduced. Insole therapy is one practical method commonly used to reduce plantar loads and ul...

    Authors: Joanne S Paton, Elizabeth A Stenhouse, Graham Bruce, Daniel Zahra and Ray B Jones
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:31
  14. Increasing demands for podiatry combined with workforce shortages due to attrition, part-time working practices and rural healthcare shortages means that in some geographic areas in Australia there are insuffi...

    Authors: Anna M Moran, Susan A Nancarrow, Leah Wiseman, Kerryn Maher, Rosalie A Boyce, Alan M Borthwick and Karen Murphy
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:30
  15. Intrinsic foot muscle weakness has been implicated in a range of foot deformities and disorders. However, to establish a relationship between intrinsic muscle weakness and foot pathology, an objective measure ...

    Authors: Achini Soysa, Claire Hiller, Kathryn Refshauge and Joshua Burns
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:29
  16. Randomised controlled trials are widely accepted as the gold standard method to evaluate medical interventions, but they are still open to bias. One such bias is the effect of patient’s preference on outcome m...

    Authors: Sarah Cockayne, Kate Hicks, Arthur R Kangombe, Catherine Hewitt, Michael Concannon, Kim Thomas, Farina Hashmi, Caroline McIntosh, Gwen Brierley, David Torgerson and Ian Watt
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:28
  17. Excessive shoe heel abrasion is of concern to patients, parents and shoe manufacturers, but little scientific information is available. The purpose of this study was to describe the phenomenon in a group of in...

    Authors: Aharon S Finestone, Kaloyan Petrov, Gabriel Agar, Assaf Honig, Eran Tamir and Charles Milgrom
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:27
  18. Offloading plantar pressure is a key strategy for the prevention or healing of neuropathic plantar ulcers in diabetes. Non-removable walking casts, such as total contact casts, are currently considered the gol...

    Authors: Anita Raspovic, Karl B Landorf, Jana Gazarek and Megan Stark
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:25
  19. Diabetes is one of the greatest public health challenges to face Australia. It is already Australia’s leading cause of kidney failure, blindness (in those under 60 years) and lower limb amputation, and causes ...

    Authors: Peter A Lazzarini, Joel M Gurr, Joseph R Rogers, Andrew Schox and Shan M Bergin
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:24
  20. Patient education is an important component of foot health management for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The content and strategies for delivery require investigation in relation to the patients’ needs...

    Authors: Andrea S Graham, Alison Hammond, Steven Walmsley and Anita E Williams
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:23
  21. Arthritic toe pathologies frequently lead to the development of painful apical pressure skin lesions that can compromise gait and affect quality of life. Historically conservative treatments involve the use of...

    Authors: Sarah Johnson, Helen Branthwaite, Roozbeh Naemi and Nachiappan Chockalingam
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:22
  22. Postural stability can be measured in clinical and research settings using portable plantar pressure systems. People with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have decreased postural stability compared to non-RA populati...

    Authors: Angela Brenton-Rule, Joshua Mattock, Matthew Carroll, Nicola Dalbeth, Sandra Bassett, Hylton B Menz and Keith Rome
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:21
  23. Foot orthoses are often used to treat lower limb injuries associated with excessive pronation. There are many orthotic modifications available for this purpose, with one being the medial heel skive. However, e...

    Authors: Daniel R Bonanno, Cheryl Y Zhang, Rose C Farrugia, Matthew G Bull, Anita M Raspovic, Adam R Bird and Karl B Landorf
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:20
  24. The ankle brachial index (ABI) is an objective diagnostic tool that is widely used for the diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease. Despite its usefulness, it is evident within the literature that many practi...

    Authors: Pamela Y Chen, Kaye M Lawford, Naiya Shah, Julie Pham and Virginia M Bower
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:19
  25. In the United Kingdom patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS) have been adopted as a key measure of foot surgery outcomes. The intention of this study was to evaluate the responsiveness of a regional outcome...

    Authors: Anthony J Maher and Timothy E Kilmartin
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:17
  26. Foot posture is considered to be an important component of musculoskeletal assessment in clinical practice and research. However, many measurement approaches are not suitable for routine use as they are time-c...

    Authors: Hylton B Menz, Mohammad R Fotoohabadi, Elin Wee and Martin J Spink
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:10
  27. Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common condition, causing considerable morbidity in athletes and non-athletes alike. Conservative or physical therapies are accepted as first-line management of AT; however, des...

    Authors: Samuel P Sussmilch-Leitch, Natalie J Collins, Andrea E Bialocerkowski, Stuart J Warden and Kay M Crossley
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:15
  28. There is no consensus on which protocols should be used to assess foot and lower limb biomechanics in clinical practice. The reliability of many assessments has been questioned by previous research. The aim of...

    Authors: Hannah L Jarvis, Christopher J Nester, Richard K Jones, Anita Williams and Peter D Bowden
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:14
  29. A reliable tool to measure arterial flow to the feet in people with diabetes is required given that they are particularly prone to peripheral arterial disease. Traditionally, the ankle brachial index (ABI) has...

    Authors: Christopher Scanlon, Kris Park, David Mapletoft, Lindy Begg and Joshua Burns
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:13
  30. Lower extremity amputation results in significant global morbidity and mortality. Australia appears to have a paucity of studies investigating lower extremity amputation. The primary aim of this retrospective ...

    Authors: Peter A Lazzarini, Sharon R O’Rourke, Anthony W Russell, Damien Clark and Suzanne S Kuys
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:12
  31. Evidence suggests that textured insoles can alter gait and standing balance by way of enhanced plantar tactile stimulation. However, to date, this has not been explored in older people at risk of falling. This st...

    Authors: Anna L Hatton, John Dixon, Keith Rome, Julia L Newton and Denis J Martin
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:11
  32. Amongst the many identified mechanisms leading to diabetic foot ulceration, ill-fitting footwear is one. There is anecdotal evidence that people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy wear shoes that are too smal...

    Authors: Alistair D McInnes, Farina Hashmi, Lisa J Farndon, Amanda Church, Maria Haley, Debora M Sanger and Wesley Vernon
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2012 5:9