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  1. Prefabricated foot orthoses are used to treat chronic nonspecific low back pain, however their effectiveness and potential mechanism of action is unclear. The primary aims of the study are to investigate the e...

    Authors: Sean Sadler, Martin Spink, Samuel Cassidy and Vivienne Chuter
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:56
  2. Plano-valgus is a common alteration of the paediatric foot, characterized by valgus hindfoot, foot pronation and drop of the medial longitudinal arch. Despite their importance in the diagnosis and classificati...

    Authors: Paolo Caravaggi, Chiarella Sforza, Alberto Leardini, Nicola Portinaro and Artemisia Panou
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:55
  3. This evaluation sought to determine current Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) diabetes patient education practices among Scottish National Health Service (NHS) and academic podiatrists and evaluate novel visual to...

    Authors: Benjamin Bullen, Matthew Young, Carla McArdle and Mairghread Ellis
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:54
  4. Women, as compared with men, have a higher proportion of injuries in the ankle/foot region. However, the reason for this sex-related difference in foot injuries remains unclear. Recently, joint coordination an...

    Authors: Tomoya Takabayashi, Mutsuaki Edama, Takuma Inai and Masayoshi Kubo
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:53
  5. Higher landing-related external knee joint moments at later stages of female pubertal development likely contribute to a higher incidence of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Athletic footwe...

    Authors: Timothy A. Sayer, Rana S. Hinman, Kade L. Paterson, Kim L. Bennell, Karine Fortin and Adam L. Bryant
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:51
  6. As the most common form of movement, walking happens not only on flat but also on uneven surfaces, where constant loss and regaining of balance occur. The main balancing function of the ankle joint is performe...

    Authors: Rok Bavdek, Anže Zdolšek, Vojko Strojnik and Aleš Dolenec
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:50
  7. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a painful, progressive tendinopathy that reportedly predominates in middle-age, overweight women. There is no evidence based guidelines that clinicians can use to ...

    Authors: Megan H. Ross, Michelle Smith, Melanie L. Plinsinga and Bill Vicenzino
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:49
  8. Foot pain is common amongst the general population and impacts negatively on physical function and quality of life. Associations between personal health characteristics, lifestyle/behaviour factors and foot pa...

    Authors: Gordon J. Hendry, Linda Fenocchi, Jim Woodburn and Martijn Steultjens
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:48
  9. The relationship between metatarsal length and various forefoot pathologies is a topic of contention in Orthopaedics. The results of such investigations have been shown to depend on the method of metatarsal le...

    Authors: Zainab Ali, Hassan Karim, Navid Wali and Reza Naraghi
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:47
  10. Osteotomies of the lesser (second to fourth) metatarsals are often used to correct forefoot deformities. However, certain areas of the lesser metatarsals where arteries may be prone to damage during surgery, a...

    Authors: Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo and Koichi Sairyo
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:46
  11. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research (JFAR) was launched in July 2008 as the official research publication of the Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists (UK) and the Australasian Podiatry Council, replacing bot...

    Authors: Hylton B. Menz, Alan M. Borthwick and Catherine J. Bowen
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:44
  12. The ankle joint is a common site of musculoskeletal pathology. Measurement of its functional range of motion is a primary indicator for rehabilitation outcomes in therapy settings. The present study was design...

    Authors: Peter R. Worsley, Caitlan Conington, Holly Stuart, Alice Patterson and Dan L. Bader
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:45
  13. Correct footwear fitting is acknowledged as being vitally important, as incorrectly fitted footwear has been linked to foot pathology. The aim of this narrative review was to determine the prevalence of incorr...

    Authors: Andrew K. Buldt and Hylton B. Menz
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:43
  14. It may be assumed that a combination of culture, climate and economic resource are the major reasons that non-industrialised countries have a higher prevalence of barefoot activity. New Zealand is an industria...

    Authors: Peter Francis, Grant Schofield and Lisa Mackay
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:42
  15. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a training programme to teach a focused bedside ultrasound scan (PAD-scan; Podiatry Ankle Duplex Scan) for the detection of arterial disease i...

    Authors: Pasha Normahani, Rishi Agrawal, Vasilliki Bravis, Agnieszka Falinska, Linda Bloomfield, Zaheer Mehar, Dawn Gaulton, Alex Sangster, Tracey Arkle, Corinna Gomm, Mohamed Aslam, Nigel J. Standfield and Usman Jaffer
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:41
  16. In the management of diabetes and high-risk patients, timely treatment with scheduled medicines is critical to prevent severe infections and reduce the risk of lower extremity amputation. However, in Australia...

    Authors: Anna G. Couch, Jonathan Foo, Alicia M. James, Stephen Maloney and Cylie M. Williams
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:40
  17. The effects of footwear on the development of children’s feet has been debated for many years and recent work from the developmental and biomechanical literature has challenged long-held views about footwear a...

    Authors: Stewart C. Morrison, Carina Price, Juliet McClymont and Chris Nester
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:39
  18. Foot problems in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are highly prevalent and have a substantial impact on quality of life. Healthcare professionals from various professions can be involved in the management...

    Authors: Marloes Tenten-Diepenmaat, Marike van der Leeden, Thea P. M. Vliet Vlieland and Joost Dekker
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:37
  19. As part of their clinical training podiatry students spend time in clinical settings treating patients under the supervision of qualified podiatrists. The role and purpose of feedback during such clinical trai...

    Authors: Simiso Ntuli, Noleen Nomthi September and Nozipho Sithole
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:36
  20. Bariatric surgery candidates have a high prevalence of foot pain, depression and elevated plantar pressures. There is, however, limited research into how these factors interact pre- and post-surgery. The aims ...

    Authors: Tom P. Walsh, Tiffany K. Gill, Angela M. Evans, Alison Yaxley, Jacob A. Chisholm, Lilian Kow, John B. Arnold and E. Michael Shanahan
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:35
  21. Knee ‘unloading’ footwear can reduce the external knee adduction moment in people with knee osteoarthritis, yet effects of these shoes on regional plantar forces are unknown. We evaluated the effects of unload...

    Authors: Joyce A. C. van Tunen, Kade L. Paterson, Tim V. Wrigley, Ben R. Metcalf, Jonas B. Thorlund and Rana S. Hinman
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:34
  22. An improved understanding of the structural and functional development of the paediatric foot is fundamental to a strong theoretical framework for health professionals and scientists. An infant’s transition fr...

    Authors: Carina Price, Juliet McClymont, Farina Hashmi, Stewart C. Morrison and Christopher Nester
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:33
  23. Although there have been reports that diabetes affects the prevalence of sarcopenia, no studies have examined the relationship between sarcopenia and mortality in patients undergoing leg amputation. The purpos...

    Authors: You Keun Kim, Ho Seong Lee, Jae Jung Ryu, Hye In Lee and Sang Gyo Seo
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:32
  24. The area beneath the metatarsal heads is a common location of foot pain, which is often associated with high plantar pressures. Current plantar pressure assessment protocols focus mainly on the gross area of t...

    Authors: Saeed Forghany, Daniel R. Bonanno, Hylton B. Menz and Karl B. Landorf
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:31
  25. The health professions have progressed and evolved considerably over the last few decades in response to demographic, technological, societal and political changes. They continue to do so as the volume and com...

    Authors: Olivia King, Alan Borthwick, Susan Nancarrow and Sandra Grace
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:30
  26. We aimed to investigate podiatry practice in diagnosing peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in diabetes, decision making once PAD is suspected and limitations of referral pathways.

    Authors: Pasha Normahani, Chira Mustafa, Nigel J. Standfield, Claire Duguid, Martin Fox and Usman Jaffer
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:29
  27. Weakness of the intrinsic foot muscles is thought to produce deformity, disability and pain. Assessing intrinsic foot muscles in isolation is a challenge; however ultrasound might provide a solution. The aims ...

    Authors: Penelope J. Latey, Joshua Burns, Elizabeth J. Nightingale, Jillian L. Clarke and Claire E. Hiller
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:28
  28. Provision of podiatry services, like other therapies in the UK, is an area that lacks guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Many individuals living with arthritis in the UK are not...

    Authors: Louise McCulloch, Alan Borthwick, Anthony Redmond, Katherine Edwards, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Nigel K. Arden and Catherine J. Bowen
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:27
  29. Peripheral arterial disease affects the lower limb and is associated with diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking and obesity. It increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It can be symptomatic...

    Authors: Lisa Farndon, John Stephenson, Oliver Binns-Hall, Kayleigh Knight and Sally Fowler-Davis
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:26
  30. Metatarsus adductus is the most common congenital foot deformity in newborns. It involves adduction of the metatarsals at the Lisfranc joint. A systematic literature review was conducted to investigate the fol...

    Authors: Nicole Marshall, Emily Ward and Cylie M. Williams
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:25
  31. Foot pain is common in rheumatoid arthritis and appears to persist despite modern day medical management. Several clinical practice guidelines currently recommend the use of foot orthoses for the treatment of ...

    Authors: Kellie S. Gallagher, Jon Godwin, Gordon J. Hendry, Martijn Steultjens and Jim Woodburn
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:24
  32. A high percentage of the population report footwear related foot pain, yet there is limited research on the effect footwear has on the development of this pain. The aim of this study was to establish whether f...

    Authors: Moira McRitchie, Helen Branthwaite and Nachiappan Chockalingam
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:23
  33. Thermal imaging is a useful modality for identifying preulcerative lesions (“hot spots”) in diabetic foot patients. Despite its recognised potential, at present, there is no readily available instrument for ro...

    Authors: N. L. Petrova, A. Whittam, A. MacDonald, S. Ainarkar, A. N. Donaldson, J. Bevans, J. Allen, P. Plassmann, B. Kluwe, F. Ring, L. Rogers, R. Simpson, G. Machin and M. E. Edmonds
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:22
  34. Flexible flat foot is a normal observation in typically developing children, however, some children with flat feet present with pain and impaired lower limb function. The challenge for health professionals is ...

    Authors: Helen A. Banwell, Maisie E. Paris, Shylie Mackintosh and Cylie M. Williams
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:21
  35. Ultrasound is an inexpensive method for quantifying plantar fascia thickness, especially in those with plantar fasciitis. Ultrasound has also been used to assess the effectiveness of various treatments for pla...

    Authors: Michael J. Granado, Everett B. Lohman III, Keith E. Gordon and Noha S. Daher
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:20
  36. Footwear can have both a positive and negative impact on lower limb health and mobility across the lifespan, influencing the risk of foot pain, ulceration, and falls in those at risk. Choice of footwear can be...

    Authors: Alex L. Barwick, Jaap J. van Netten, Lloyd F. Reed and Peter A. Lazzarini
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:19
  37. Ultrasound in podiatry practice encompasses musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging, vascular hand-held Doppler ultrasound and therapeutic ultrasound. Sonography practice is not regulated by the Health and Care Pro...

    Authors: Heidi J. Siddle, Aimie Patience, James Coughtrey, Jean Mooney, Martin Fox and Lindsey Cherry
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:18
  38. While abnormal rearfoot posture and its relationship to patellofemoral (PF) pain has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, its relationship to patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) has not been determine...

    Authors: Hirotaka Iijima, Hiroshi Ohi, Naoto Fukutani, Tomoki Aoyama, Eishi Kaneda, Kaoru Abe, Masaki Takahashi and Shuichi Matsuda
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:17
  39. Strengthening the intrinsic foot muscles is a poorly understood and largely overlooked area. In this study, we explore the feasibility of strengthening m. abductor hallucis (AH) with a specific paradigm of neurom...

    Authors: Darren C. James, Matthew C. Solan and Katya N. Mileva
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:16
  40. The validity of predicting foot pronation occurring mainly at the midfoot by surrogate measures from the rearfoot, like eversion excursion, is limited. The dynamic navicular mobility in terms of vertical navic...

    Authors: Patric Eichelberger, Angela Blasimann, Nicole Lutz, Fabian Krause and Heiner Baur
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:15
  41. The aim of this study was to explore students’ perceptions of the educational environment (EE) in a Spanish school of podiatry. Various aspects of EE were compared by academic year in the program.

    Authors: Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, César Calvo-Lobo, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias and Daniel López-López
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:14
  42. Diabetic foot infections (DFI) present a major morbidity, mortality and economic challenge for the tertiary health sector. However, lack of high quality evidence for specific treatment regimens for patients wi...

    Authors: Robert J. Commons, Edward Raby, Eugene Athan, Hasan Bhally, Sharon Chen, Stephen Guy, Paul R. Ingram, Katy Lai, Chris Lemoh, Lyn-Li Lim, Laurens Manning, Spiros Miyakis, Mary O’Reilly, Adam Roberts, Marjoree Sehu, Adrienne Torda…
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:13
  43. The purpose of this study is to document what and how diabetes specific foot health information was provided during a podiatry consultation, and what information was retained at 1 month post consultation.

    Authors: Julia Yuncken, Cylie M. Williams, Rene Stolwyk and Terry P. Haines
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:12
  44. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is used to manage different tendinopathies and appears to be effective in some tendinopathies but not others. The reasons for this are unclear. There is evidence that pa...

    Authors: Raymond Leung, Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Vasileios Korakakis and Nat Padhiar
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:11
  45. A national survey recently provided the first description of foot orthotic provision in the United Kingdom. This article aims to profile and compare the foot orthoses practice of podiatrists, orthotists and ph...

    Authors: C. J. Nester, A. Graham, A. Martinez-Santos, A. E. Williams, J. McAdam, V. Newton, D. Sweeney and D. Walker
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:10
  46. This narrative review explores the ways in which drawing on theories and methods used in sociological work on footwear and identity can contribute to healthcare research with podiatrists and their patients, hi...

    Authors: Emily Nicholls, Victoria Robinson, Lisa Farndon and Wesley Vernon
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:9
  47. Foot morphology has received increasing attention from both biomechanics researches and footwear manufacturers. Usually, the morphology of the foot is quantified by 2D footprints. However, footprint quantifica...

    Authors: Kristina Stanković, Brian G. Booth, Femke Danckaers, Fien Burg, Philippe Vermaelen, Saartje Duerinck, Jan Sijbers and Toon Huysmans
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:8
  48. Inversion injury to the ankle and hamstring injuries are common problems in most sports. It is not known whether these injuries constitute a predisposing factor or a precursor of injury or re-injury of these a...

    Authors: Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Georgios Bikos, Maria Meke, Korakakis Vasileios, Xavier Valle, Heinz Lohrer, Nicola Maffulli and Nat Padhiar
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2018 11:7