This commentary outlines practical ways of positively incorporating green podiatry, foot health, physical activity benefits, and relevance to climate change into the clinical setting as Conference of Parties (COP27) approaches. Recent reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the World Economic Forum, and undergraduate curricula concerns, are presented.
Climate change is irrefutable, and as health professionals, podiatrists can discuss the benefits and principles of green podiatry with patients of all ages in their clinics, appreciating that people are increasingly worried about the climate crisis.
Feet as fundamental for independent, healthy, and carbon–neutral active transport, needs to become a key message. The three pillars for green podiatry are exercise, evidence, and the everyday changes that all podiatrists can make. Likewise, podiatrists can encourage their patients, and in doing so, join with community leadership, alongside other allied health and medical peers.
Podiatrists have a shared responsibility to work and live as ‘green’ as possible, and to share this message with patients. Reducing waste, physically and in the form of unnecessary treatment, and supporting a review of supply chains, are important aspects of reducing health care emissions.
Promoting feet as carbon–neutral transport, and physical activity as evidence based and health enhancing, are a sound contribution to twenty-first century public health. Podiatry has a great opportunity for positive legacy.
The concept and initiative of ‘Green Podiatry’ was introduced previously , followed by a Sustainability panel review prior to COP26 . This commentary is linked to two previous commentaries and outlines new research from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),Footnote 1 The World Economic Forum,Footnote 2 and academics [3, 4], to outline practical ways of positively incorporating CC into the clinical setting, as COP27 approaches.Footnote 3 We all need to act to avert the existential threat before us. Podiatrists should be well versed to reduce carbon footprints!
Three key principles to consider are: Climate change is irrefutable; Talk with Patients about ‘Green Podiatry’; We must listen to important groups.
Climate change is irrefutable
‘It is unequivocal that human influence has warmed the atmosphere, ocean and land. Widespread and rapid changes in the atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere and biosphere have occurred’: the latest IPPC report summarises the impact of climate change from thousands of scientific papers. This report covers many topics, including: water systems, food systems, Indigenous knowledge, oceans, cities, health, poverty and inequality. The 3000 pages present three salient points  (Supplementary files 1, 2):
Climate change is already harming people’s health
More action is needed to protect health
Climate solutions benefit both health and the economy .
Talk with patients about ‘Green Podiatry’
Health professionals are in a unique and trusted position to speak with patients about the impact of CC on health, and it is timely. Covid-19 made 47% of Australians more concerned about CC , and three times more worried about CC than about Covid-19 . Women, young adults, the affluent, and ages 35 to 54 years, showed most concern about CC. The middle-aged may worry because they are parents, and naturally want a secure future for children. Concern among younger adults (18 to 34 years) is understandable, given the existential crisis before them.Footnote 4
As individual citizens we share lifestyle challenges, providing a great opportunity for podiatrists to ‘lead by example’ on the key factors that both mitigate CC, and improve health (Supplementary file 3).
We must listen to important groups
Students and young people
The ‘Foundations for Tomorrow’ survey (World Economic Forum ), had 10,000 responses from Australians aged under 30 years. Results were:
93% saying the government was not doing enough to address CC
75% said they would vote for political leaders taking bold action on CC
11% felt their vote mattered
In 2021, Australian teenagers successfully sued the Minister for EnvironmentFootnote 5 regarding the government’s duty of care to future generations on CC.Footnote 6 This decision was later overturned, with the Minister abrogating responsibility via Federal Court appeal. Six months later, the government lost the federal election, with a ground swell of ‘green’ and ‘teal’ votes.Footnote 7 CC was a decisive election issueFootnote 8.
Podiatry students in the UK (University of Southampton) have investigated and reported on a sustainability agenda. Their work was presented at the Royal College of Podiatry (RCPod) conference, July 2022. Results of an online member survey (n = 75), found:
93.3% thought sustainability within Podiatry was important
73% thought the topic was important for business
Respondents identified both barriers and opportunities enhance sustainability.Footnote 9
Comprising less than 5% of the world's population, indigenous people protect 80% of global biodiversity.Footnote 10 Emerging in 2017, and pending referendum, the ‘Uluru Statement from the Heart’ represents a historic consensus of indigenous leaders in seeking constitutional change to recognise First Australians, and is an invitation from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to,
“Walk with us in a movement of the Australian people for a better future”.Footnote 11
Accelerating climate action: the role of health professionals and systems
“The climate emergency is a multidisciplinary, multisectoral, crisis that transcends professional and organisational barriers. Health professionals can help bring sharp focus to the urgent reforms required from individuals, organisations, and governments” .
I share the view that sustainability in practice, begins with embedding CC in university curriculums . The NHS has ambitious targets to reach net zero over the next two decades. Clinicians will require knowledge and support to achieve this goal, as part of the NHS responsibility for achieving climate targets [12, 13].
Climate action needs promotion in public health to include the large emission areas, eg transport, energy, food, agriculture, housing; to reduce air pollution, increase physical activity, improve diets [14, 15].
A fresh focus on ‘big picture health’,Footnote 12 must balance/lessen the management of illness. Medical ‘prescribing’ can prioritise ‘green health’, to encourage time in the natural world as therapeutic, as occurs in Canada , Scotland , and China .
Green Podiatry – Pillars for Practice
Green Podiatry is founded on: 1) exercise, 2) evidence, and 3) everyday actionsFootnote 13 (Table 1). Calculation of your carbon footprint, at work and at home, is illuminating, and provides a baseline for targeting change eg,
Such simple changes are good for health, good for our planet, and raise awareness of both .
Podiatrists need to focus on foot health for carbon–neutral transport. Physical activity is easily measured with wearable technology (phones, watches, fit-bits) and ‘dosed’, eg adults: 300 min moderate-vigorous physical activity/week, and more if sedentaryFootnote 14 . This is essential primary HC for podiatrists to champion, and a great antidote for non-communicable diseases (eg diabetes, arthritis, obesity, depression, cancer, heart disease). Exercise may allay ‘eco-anxiety’ in children, with cycling fostering children’s well-being, and independent transport .
The Green Foot Orthoses Project (GFOP) is a new initiative,Footnote 19 and foot orthoses use must be supported by diagnosis, and evidence. Repairing orthoses further extends product life.
We can encourage ‘health’, over ‘healthcare’. In the lower limb, knee arthroscopy , and customised foot orthoses for paediatric flat feet , are interventions no longer evidence-based, and clinicians should stop using them. HC, needs to focus on evidence based care, and dispense with unnecessary treatments, imaging, tests [24, 25]. We can engage patients in ‘Wiser Healthcare’ to avert overdiagnosis , and excessive HC.Footnote 20 Podiatrists are in prime position to promote healthy feet for physical activity which aids health , is evidence based and provides carbon neutral transport .
The first commentary outlined changes for podiatrists to lessen GHG emissions . Fossil fuels comprise 98% of plastics, and approximately 40% of plastics are single-use.Footnote 21 HC is a large user, especially hospitals,Footnote 22 where use of PPE and single use items creates enormous waste. Pegna and McNally  have suggested a pause:
‘We are constantly told that for ‘infection control reasons’ we must wear and use single use items. But where is the evidence for this?
Is there evidence that single use items are always safer than reusable ones?
Is there evidence that disposable drapes are better than washable for infection prevention?’
The NHS, and CAHA support the Global Green and Healthy Hospital network to reduce environmental impacts of workplaces.Footnote 23 Supply chains cause most emissions (approximately 70%), and RCPod, APodA could partner with suppliers, footwear manufacturers, waste hubs (eg TreadlightlyFootnote 24), to access ‘green’ supplies, and circular economy waste cycles.
Ultimately, we each share the responsibility to work and live as ‘green’ as we can. What we do as podiatrists – reduce waste, reduce unnecessary treatment, promote and live ‘green podiatry’—and as citizens – buy local, buy less, choose renewable energy, vote thoughtfully, divest fossil fuel investments, manage waste – is important for every aspect of health.
Two suggestions for podiatrists are to: 1) adopt the three pillars of Green Podiatry, viz., exercise, evidence, and everyday practices; 2) promote feet as carbon–neutral transport, and physical activity as evidence based and health enhancing. Podiatry has a great opportunity for positive legacy.
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I am not a climate change expert, but an engaged earth-dweller, envisaging a podiatry (and whole of health care) community which can act to avert climate change, to better the health of our planet, and ourselves.
Authors and Affiliations
Discipline of Podiatry, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, Australia
Green podiatry health education conversation outline.
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