Volume 7 Supplement 1

4th Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community

Open Access

Temporal pattern in segmental motions of the foot in healthy senile adults: comparison between young and senile healthy adults

  • Sang Gyo Seo1Email author,
  • Dong Yeon Lee1,
  • Ji-Beom Kim1,
  • Seong Hyun Kim1,
  • Hye Sun Park1,
  • Hyo Jeong Yoo1,
  • Sung Ju Kim2,
  • Jihyeung Kim3,
  • Kyoung Min Lee4,
  • Chin Youb Chung4 and
  • In Ho Choi1
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research20147(Suppl 1):A76


Published: 8 April 2014

The incidence of foot and ankle disease increases as the age increases [1, 2]. However, there was no report about differences of foot motion between senile person and young adults. The purpose of this study is to analyze distinctions according to age in segmental foot motion using 3D multi-foot model from healthy senior and young adults.

One hundred senile (50 males, 50 females) and young adults (50 males, 50 females) were tested by 3D multi-foot model with 15-markers. The cadence, speed, stride length, step width, step time, and stance phase were analyzed. The maximum and minimal values and motions of 3-planes of hallux, forefoot, hindfoot, and arch were compared between senile and young adults.

The cadence, speed, stride length, and step width were lower in senior. The stance phase was longer (Table1). In female, sagittal motion of all segment were more limited and hindfoot was more unstable in senior (Figure 1). In male, sagittal motion of hallux and forefoot were lower in senior (Figure 2). Hallux valgus of male and female was more severe in senior during gait. Arch height was no difference (Figure 3). In 3D foot gait analysis, the differences between senior and young adults were apparent. In summary, foot motion in senior had limited range of motion during gait. And hallux valgus in senior was more severe. But arch height was not diminished. The understanding about changes of foot segmental motion depending on age will suggest more correct approach in degenerative foot and ankle disease.
Table 1

Basic gait parameters in senile adults


Male (mean ± SD)

Female (mean ± SD)

p- value

Cadence (cm)

109.3 ± 6.6

114.6 ± 6.9

< 0.001

Speed (cm/sec)

114.0 ± 9.2

111.5 ± 7.9


Stride length (cm)

124.5 ± 7.3

116.3 ± 7.4

< 0.001

Step width (cm)

62.4 ± 4.5

58.3 ± 4.1

< 0.001

Step time (sec)

0.55 ± 0.04

0.53 ± 0.03

< 0.001

Proportion of stance phase (%)

61.1 ± 1.1

60.6 ± 1.1


Figure 1

Comparison of the mean foot segmental motion between senile and young adults in female.

Figure 2

Comparison of the mean foot segmental motion between senile and young adults in male.

Figure 3

Comparison of the mean foot segmental motion between male and female in senior.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital
Department of statistics, Korea University
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital


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© Seo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.