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Repeatability of a multi-segment foot model with 15-marker set in normal adults
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research volume 7, Article number: A74 (2014)
Several 3D multi-segment foot models (MFMs) have been introduced for the in vivo analysis of dynamic foot kinematics [1, 2]. However, there is scanty evidence available to support their clinical use. Considering the potential of MFM to assess the function in foot pathology, there is a need for simple, reproducible and reliable multi-segment foot models. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of a simple MFM with 15-marker set.
Twenty healthy adults mean aged 28.9 years (10 males and 10 females) were tested. Eight markers of 15-marker set were placed in foot to evaluate segmental foot motion. Three representative strides from five separate trials were used for analysis from each session. Kinematic data of foot segmental motion was collected and tracked using the Foot3D Multi-Segment Software (Motion Analysis Co., Santa Rosa. CA). Retests were performed in the same manner with an interval of 4 weeks. Coefficients of multiple correlation (CMC) and intra-class correlation (ICC) were calculated in order to assess the inter-trial and inter-session repeatability. Inter-segment foot angles from healthy adults from a MFM with 15-marker set showed a narrow range of variability during the whole gait cycle.
The mean inter-trial ICC (± Standard deviation) was 0.981 (± 0.010), which was interpreted as excellent. The mean inter-trial CMC (± Standard deviation ) was 0.948 (± 0.027), which was interpreted as excellent or very good repeatability. The mean inter-session ICC (±SD) was 0.886 (± 0.047) and the mean inter-session CMC (±SD) was 0.801 (± 0.077), which were interpreted as excellent or very good repeatability. The lowest repeatability was in the transverse plane at the forefoot and the most consistent finding was observed at the sagittal plane of the hallux and hindfoot (Table 1, Figure 1).
We demonstrated a MFM with 15-marker set had high inter-trial and inter-session repeatability, especially in sagittal plane motion. We thought this MFM would be applicable to evaluation of the motion of the foot segment during gait.
Simon J, Doederlein L, McIntosh AS, Metaxiotis D, Bock HG, Wolf SI: The Heidelberg foot measurement method: development, description and assessment. Gait Posture. 2006, 23: 411-424. 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2005.07.003.
Carson MC, Harrington ME, Thompson N, O'Connor JJ, Theologis TN: Kinematic analysis of a multi-segment foot model for research and clinical applications: a repeatability analysis. J Biomech. 2001, 34: 1299-1307. 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00101-4.
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Seo, S.G., Lee, D.Y., Kim, J. et al. Repeatability of a multi-segment foot model with 15-marker set in normal adults. J Foot Ankle Res 7, A74 (2014) doi:10.1186/1757-1146-7-S1-A74
- Narrow Range
- Sagittal Plane
- Healthy Adult
- Plane Motion
- Transverse Plane