Comparison of ankle joint kinematics of a single athlete during an ankle inversion sprain incident and normal non-injury motions
© Chan et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 8 April 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the ankle joint kinematics including the angles, and their respective angular velocities of a tennis player during an ankle sprain incident and normal non-injury motion. And to deduce whether the sideward cutting motion of the athlete is an intrinsic factor to an ankle sprain.
Model-Based Image Matching (MBIM) motion analysis technique allows us to understand the leg movement quantitatively by analyzing the three-dimensional human motion. With validation, it has been used to obtain ankle kinematics during ankle sprain incidents in various sports . In this study, a sideward cutting motion performed by a female athlete was compared against her injured incident reported in 2012 .
This study further demonstrates that the sideward cutting motion does not require internal rotation and inversion, instead, ankle goes from plantarflexed to doriflexed, and then back to plantarflexed in a short time. An inverted ankle orientation on landing could be the inciting event of an ankle sprain when performing similar motion. However, a rapid joint motion in the plantarflexion/doriflexion plane is not likely to cause an ankle sprain. Therefore, the risk of performing the sideward cutting depends mostly on the ankle orientation during landing.
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