- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
Effects of ankle and knee braces on leg stiffness during hopping
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research volume 7, Article number: A108 (2014)
In a spring-mass model (Figure 1-A), the stiffness of the leg spring (leg stiffness; Kleg) is thought to be an important factor in musculoskeletal performance in hopping, running and jumping . Despite the fact that many athletic activities are performed with joint stabilizers, little is known about the Kleg with ankle and/or knee braces. A previous study demonstrated that neither ankle taping nor bracing affected the Kleg during hopping at 3.0 Hz . However, it remains unclear if this constant Kleg exists or changes at other hopping frequencies. The purpose of this study was to more extensively investigate the effect of ankle and knee braces on the Kleg over a range of hopping frequencies.
Ten male participants performed one-legged hopping in place, matching metronome beats at 2.2, 2.6, and 3.0 Hz. Based on a spring-mass model, we calculated Kleg using an inertial sensor (Myotest ®, Myotest SA, Switzerland). Commercially-available ankle and knee braces (Ankle Guard-soft and Knee Guard-Ligament3, ALCARE, Japan) were used to constrain these joints, respectively.
Statistical analysis revealed the existence of a significant main effect of hopping frequency (F(1.22, 10.97)= 48.16, p< 0.01; Figure 1-B) on Kleg but no significant main effect of brace conditions (F(3.00, 27.00)= 0.15, p= 0.926), nor a significant interaction between hopping frequency and brace conditions (F(6.00, 54.00)= 0.94, p= 0.472) on Kleg. These results indicate that neither ankle nor knee bracing affects the Kleg in a range of hopping frequency.
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