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The influence of corpulence on the mechanical properties of the human heel fat pad in elderly
© Lindner et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 10 April 2012
The human heel fat pad (HFP) is an effective shock absorber . A remodelling of body fat begins from the fifth decade of the human life. Diet may negatively influence this distribution and consequently lead to corpulence in elderly persons. Alcantara and colleges reported that fat content in the HFP increases with obesity . Hence, the purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of corpulence on the mechanical properties of the HFP in elderly. We hypothesized, that corpulence alters mechanical properties of the HFP compared to normal weighted elderly persons.
Materials and methods
Thickness variables of corpulent subjects were significantly higher compared to the non-corpulent. The stiffness was found to have a nonlinear behaviour in which corpulent subjects show lower stiffness in the final stage. There was no significant difference in ε.
Increased HFP thickness is an adaption process to increased body weight, suggesting that an accumulation of fat cells with good blood supply at micro chamber structure may have occurred. This process protects the macro chamber structure of the HFP against overload that is transferred by micro chambers. Therefore, the micro chamber structure of corpulent elderly may be mechanically more sensitive and damageable than in non-corpulent subjects.
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