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Imaging-guided intervention of foot and ankle disorders

Numerous degenerative, traumatic, overuse and inflammatory conditions occur about the foot and ankle both specific to the region and also as part of generalised systemic processes. The risks, benefits, indications and contraindications of common imaging guided procedures will be discussed, such as the use of corticosteroids, autologous blood, platelet rich plasma, autologous tenocytes, alcohol, radiofrequency ablation and polidocanol, to name a few. The role that these interventions perform in the treatment algorithm will also be reviewed.

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Correspondence to George Koulouris.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Koulouris, G. Imaging-guided intervention of foot and ankle disorders. J Foot Ankle Res 4 (Suppl 1), I4 (2011).

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