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  1. Recent events in the USA and UK have raised questions about the appropriate definition and application of the terms 'foot' and 'surgeon'. In this editorial, we explore these issues and clarify our use of these...

    Authors: Hylton B Menz, Alan M Borthwick, Mike J Potter, Karl B Landorf and Shannon E Munteanu
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:30
  2. Foot posture has long been considered to contribute to the development of lower limb musculoskeletal conditions as it may alter the mechanical alignment and dynamic function of the lower limb. This study compa...

    Authors: Pazit Levinger, Hylton B Menz, Mohammad R Fotoohabadi, Julian A Feller, John R Bartlett and Neil R Bergman
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:29
  3. As the number of persons with diabetes is projected to double in the next 25 years in the US, an accurate method of identifying diabetic foot ulcers in population-based data sources are ever more important for...

    Authors: Min-Woong Sohn, Elly Budiman-Mak, Rodney M Stuck, Farah Siddiqui and Todd A Lee
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:27
  4. Malignant melanoma is a life threatening skin tumour which may arise on the foot. The prognosis for the condition is good when lesions are diagnosed and treated early. However, lesions arising on the soles and...

    Authors: Ivan R Bristow, David AR de Berker, Katharine M Acland, Richard J Turner and Jonathan Bowling
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:25
  5. Footwear has been accepted as a therapeutic intervention for the foot affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Evidence relating to the objective assessment of footwear in patients with RA is limited. The aims o...

    Authors: Renee N Silvester, Anita E Williams, Nicola Dalbeth and Keith Rome
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:24
  6. Therapeutic footwear is recommended for those people with severe foot problems associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it is known that many do not wear them. Although previous European studies hav...

    Authors: Anita E Williams, Christopher J Nester, Michael I Ravey, Anke Kottink and Morey-Gaspar Klapsing
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:23
  7. Malignant melanoma is a rare but potentially lethal form of cancer which may arise on the foot. Evidence suggests that due to misdiagnosis and later recognition, foot melanoma has a poorer prognosis than cutan...

    Authors: Ivan R Bristow and David AR de Berker
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:22
  8. The severity of hallux valgus is easily appreciated by its clinical appearance, however x-ray measurements are also frequently used to evaluate the condition, particularly if surgery is being considered. There...

    Authors: Paul R D'Arcangelo, Karl B Landorf, Shannon E Munteanu, Gerard V Zammit and Hylton B Menz
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:20
  9. Plantar heel pain (plantar fasciitis) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pathologies of the foot. Plantar heel pain can be managed with dry needling and/or injection of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs)...

    Authors: Matthew P Cotchett, Karl B Landorf and Shannon E Munteanu
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:18
  10. First metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint pain is a common foot complaint which is often considered to be a consequence of altered mechanics. Foot orthoses are often prescribed to reduce 1st MTP joint pain with the a...

    Authors: Brian J Welsh, Anthony C Redmond, Nachiappan Chockalingam and Anne-Maree Keenan
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:17
  11. It is generally understood that toe walking involves the absence or limitation of heel strike in the contact phase of the gait cycle. Toe walking has been identified as a symptom of disease processes, trauma a...

    Authors: Cylie M Williams, Paul Tinley and Michael Curtin
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:16
  12. Plantar fasciitis is the most commonly reported cause of chronic pain beneath the heel. Management of this condition commonly involves the use of corticosteroid injection in cases where less invasive treatment...

    Authors: Andrew M McMillan, Karl B Landorf, Mark F Gilheany, Adam R Bird, Adam D Morrow and Hylton B Menz
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:15
  13. The foot is often the first area of the body to be systematically affected by rheumatoid arthritis. The multidimensional consequences of foot problems for patients can be subjectively evaluated using patient-r...

    Authors: Steven Walmsley, Anita E Williams, Mike Ravey and Andrea Graham
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:12
  14. Plantar pressure systems are increasingly being used to evaluate foot function in both research settings and in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of the TekScan Ma...

    Authors: Gerard V Zammit, Hylton B Menz and Shannon E Munteanu
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:11
  15. Inhibition of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is an effective way of reducing synovitis and preventing joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), yet very little is known about its specific effect on foot pain and d...

    Authors: Catherine J Bowen, Christopher J Edwards, Lindsey Hooper, Keith Dewbury, Madeleine Sampson, Sally Sawyer, Jane Burridge and Nigel K Arden
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:10
  16. Over the past decade there have been significant advances in the clinical understanding and care of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Major paradigm changes include earlier disease detection and introduction of thera...

    Authors: James Woodburn, Kym Hennessy, Martijn PM Steultjens, Iain B McInnes and Deborah E Turner
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:8
  17. Augmented low-Dye (ALD) tape is frequently used in the management of lower limb musculoskeletal pain and injury, yet our knowledge of its effect is incomplete, especially in regard to its neuromotor effects.

    Authors: Melinda Franettovich, Andrew R Chapman, Peter Blanch and Bill Vicenzino
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:5
  18. The number of implanted total ankle replacements is increasing and most articles present short- and mid-term results. Comparison of outcomes is difficult because of inconsistent terminology and different use o...

    Authors: Peter Diel, Christoph Thier, Emin Aghayev, Markus Preis, Marcel Dudda, Norman Espinosa and Christoph Röder
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:4
  19. Posterior Heel pain can present in children of 8 to 14 years, associated with or clinically diagnosed as Sever's disease, or calcaneal apophysitis. Presently, there are no comparative randomised studies evalua...

    Authors: Alicia M James, Cylie M Williams and Terry P Haines
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:3
  20. The Cochrane review of hallux valgus surgery has disputed the scientific validity of hallux valgus research. Scoring systems and surrogate measures such as x-ray angles are commonly reported at just one year p...

    Authors: Timothy E Kilmartin and Claire O'Kane
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:2
  21. The last decade has witnessed a rapid transformation in the role boundaries of the allied health professions, enabled through the creation of new roles and the expansion of existing, traditional roles. A strat...

    Authors: Alan M Borthwick, Anthony J Short, Susan A Nancarrow and Rosalie Boyce
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010 3:1
  22. Some studies have found that flat-arched foot posture is related to altered lower limb muscle function compared to normal- or high-arched feet. However, the results from these studies were based on highly sele...

    Authors: George S Murley, Hylton B Menz and Karl B Landorf
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2009 2:35
  23. Community based prevalence for diabetes related foot disease (DRFD) has been poorly quantified in Australian populations. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a survey tool to facilitate collectio...

    Authors: Shan M Bergin, Caroline A Brand, Peter G Colman and Donald A Campbell
    Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2009 2:34