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Table 4 Opinions of managing diabetes-related foot infection and osteomyelitis

From: Opinions about the most appropriate surgical management of diabetes-related foot infection: a cross-sectional survey

  Total Vascular surgeons Orthopaedic surgeons p-value 2
Usefulness for diagnosing diabetic foot osteomyelitis 1
Probe-to-bone test 35/49
4 (3–5)
19/29
4 (3–5)
16/20
3 (2–4)
p = 0.082
Bone biopsy 35/49
3 (2–5)
18/29
3 (2–4)
17/20
4 (2–5)
p = 0.303
Plain x-ray 40/49
3 (2–4)
22/29
3 (2–4)
18/20
3.5 (2–4)
p = 0.757
Magnetic resonance imaging 39/49
4 (3–5)
21/29
4 (3.5–5)
18/20
4 (3–5)
p = 0.922
Bone scan 24/49
3 (2–4)
12/29
3 (2–4)
12/20
3 (2–3.75)
p = 0.478
PET-CT scan 19/49
3 (3–4)
10/29
3 (2.75–4)
9/20
4 (3–4)
p = 0.720
Confidence in: 1
Wound dressing choice 40/49
4 (3.25–5)
21/29
5 (4–5)
19/20
4 (3–4)
P = 0.065
Antibiotic choice 39/49
4 (4–5)
21/29
4 (4–5)
18/20
4 (3–4)
P = 0.053
Antibiotic duration 40/49
4 (3–4)
22/29
3.5 (3–4)
18/20
4 (3–4)
P = 0.638
Indications for removal of infected bone 41/49
4 (4–5)
22/29
4.5 (4–5)
19/20
4 (4–5)
P = 0.954
Indications for surgical debridement 42/49
5 (4–5)
22/29
5 (4–5)
20/20
4 (4–5)
P = 0.083
Extent of surgical debridement 42/49
4 (4–5)
22/29
5 (4–5)
20/20
4 (4–5)
P = 0.190
Variation in: 1
Wound dressing choice 41/49
4 (3–5)
21/29
4 (3.5–5)
20/20
4 (3–4)
p = 0.122
Antibiotic choice 40/49
3 (2–4)
21/29
3 (2–3.5)
19/20
3 (2–4)
p = 0.830
Antibiotic duration 40/49
3 (2–3.75)
21/29
3 (3–4)
19/20
3 (2–4)
P = 0.320
Indications for removal of infected bone 38/49
3 (3–4)
19/29
3 (2–3)
19/20
3 (2–4)
P = 0.525
Indications for surgical debridement 38/49
3 (2–4)
20/29
3 (2–4)
18/20
3 (2–4)
P = 0.806
Extent of surgical debridement 41/49
3 (2–4)
21/29
3 (2–4)
20/20
3 (2–4)
P = 0.764
Need for further randomised clinical trials exploring: 1
Wound dressing choice 31/49
4 (3–4)
16/29
4 (3–5)
15/20
3 (3–4)
p = 0.216
Antibiotic choice 33/49
3 (2–4)
18/29
3 (2–4)
15/20
3 (2–4)
p = 0.789
Antibiotic duration 35/49
4 (3–4)
18/29
4 (3–4)
17/20
4 (2.5–4)
p = 0.732
Indications for removal of infected bone 34/49
4 (3–5)
17/29
4 (3–5)
17/20
4 (2.5–5)
p = 0.610
Indications for surgical debridement 32/49
4 (2–5)
14/29
4 (2–4.25)
18/20
4 (2.75–5)
p = 0.639
Extent of surgical debridement 34/49
4 (2.75–4.25)
16/29
4 (3–4.75)
18/20
4 (2–4.25)
p = 0.506
  1. 1 Reported as median (IQR), 2 Mann-Whitney U test