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Table 5 Distribution-based and anchor-based responsiveness of the Indonesian FAOS subscales at 1 month

From: Validation of the Indonesian version of the foot and ankle score in patients with chronic lateral ankle instability

FAOS subscale At the baseline mean ± SD Changes at 1 month mean ± SD Scores of effect size at 0.2 Cohen’s effect size Changes in the unchanged group mean ± SD Changes in the deteriorated group mean ± SD Changes in the improved group mean ± SD Guyatt’s responsiveness index
Deteriorated Improved
Pain 64.7 ± 4.2 12.7 ± 14.8 4.46 0.77 9.4 ± 11.9 −8.2 ± 15.9 13.4 ± 17.6 −0.69 1.13
OSs 69.5 ± 17.7 12.8 ± 20.0 3.62 0.70 10.5 ± 17.0 −13.8±22.1 14.4 ± 24.5 −0.81 0.85
ADLs 75.5 ± 16.9 6.6 ± 14.5 1.95 0.40 3.7 ± 13.3 −4.9 ± 17.4 10.4 ± 19.6 −0.37 0.78
SRF 58.8 ± 23.8 13.5 ± 23.5 2.84 0.58 8.6 ± 19.7 −12.6 ± 22.9 20.2 ± 28.9 −0.64 1.03
FAQL 65.4 ± 19.9 9.0 ± 26.6 2.25 0.39 10.4 ± 21.5 −27.4 ± 27.9 13.6 ± 31.4 −1.27 0.63
  1. ADLs activities of daily living, FAOS foot and ankle outcome score, FAQL foot- and ankle-related quality of life, OSs other symptoms, SD standard deviation, SRF sports and recreational function