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Table 2 Isokinetic phases represented by the percentage of range of motion

From: Influence of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot in adult women in ankle isokinetic performance: a cross-sectional study

Ankle Normal\( \overline{x} \)(SD) [95 % CI] (n = 35) Cavus\( \overline{x} \)(SD) [95 % CI] (n = 35) Planus\( \overline{x} \)(SD) [95 % CI] (n = 35)
Plantar
flexion
ACC (%) LR (%) DC (%) ROM (°) ACC (%) LR (%) DC (%) ROM (°) ACC (%) LR (%) DC (%) ROM (°)
30 °/s 8.27
(4.19)
[6.81;
9.71]
51.36 (20.52) [44.31;58.41] 40.36 (18.86)
[33.88;46.84]
52.31 (6.37) [50.12;54.50] 10.15 (6.82)
[7.81;12.50]
40.23 (21.44)
[32.86;47.58]
49.92 (17.23)
[44.00;55.84]
53.71 (5.60)
[51.78;55.63]
9.56 (4.60)
[7.98;11.14]
45.65 (20.01)
[38.78;52.53]
44.73 (19.03)
[38.19;51.27]
54.93 (5.38)
[53.08;56.7]
60 °/s 17.39 (20.31)
[10.41;24.37]
73.21 (20.69)
[66.10;80.31]
9.18 (3.35) [8.03;10.33] 54.77 (5.36)
[52.93;56.61]
19.76 (19.13)
[13.19;26.33]
72.77 (19.48)
[66,08;79.47]
7.44 (1.13) [7.05;7.83]a 55.82 (4.37) [54.32;57.33] 24.01 (21.24)
[16.72;31.31]
68.93 (18.01) [62.74;75.12] 8.06
(3.02)
[7.02;
9.10]
56.78 (4.86) [55.11;58.45]
90 °/s 36.25 (25.78) [27.40;45.11] 52.72 (27.54) [43.25;62.18] 10.16 (4.17)
[8.73;11.60]
55.60 (4.08)
[54.19;
57]
37.44 (27.17)
[28.10;46.77]
50.59 (29.05) [40.61;60.57] 11.23 (8.89)
[8.87;14.98]
56.97 (2.62) [56.07;57.87] 45.81 (25.17)
[37.16;54.45]
41.44 (29.42)
[31.33;51.54]
12.95 (13.08)
[8.46;
17.45]
58.26 (2.49)a
[57.40;59.11]
Dorsi-
flexion
ACC (%) LR (%) DC (%) ROM (°) ACC (%) LR (%) DC (%) ROM (°) ACC (%) LR (%) DC (%) ROM (°)
30 °/s 2.85
(1.28)
[2.41;
3.29]
90.94 (4.15) [89.51;92.36] 6.17 (4.05) [4.78;7.57] 52.55 (5.75) [50.58;54.53] 3.57
(3.16)
[2.48;
4.66]
89.46 (5.72) [87.50;91.43] 6.88
(3.55)
[5.66;
8.10]
52.75 (5.16)
[50,98;
54,52]
3.00 (2.83)
[2.02;3.97]
90.70
(3.90) [89.36;92.04]
6.37
(3.49)
[5.17;
7.57]
53.93 (6.07)
[51.84;56.01]
60 °/s 7.10
(2.05)
[6.40;
7.81]
73.74 (18.07) [67.44;80.05] 19.20 (16.34)
[13.13;25.27]
54.97 (4.69) [53.35;56.58] 7.48
(2.15)
[6.75;
8.22]
68.24 (17.44) [62.25;74.24] 24.04 (16.97) [18.21;29.87] 55.65 (4.18) [54.21;57.08] 6.66 (1.84)
[6.02;7.29]
79.21 (8.70) [76.22;82.21]b 13.94 (8.85) [10.90;16.98]b 56.47 (4.06) [55.08;57.87]
90 °/s 17.51 (14.00)
[12.70;22.32]
29.39 (25.65) [20.57;38.20] 53.16 (25.80)
[44.29;62.02]
54.90 (4.65)
[53.30;56.50]
18.01 (13.29) [13.44;22.57] 38.16 (28.36) [28.42;47.90] 44.01 (23.80) [35.83;52.19] 56.58 (3.73) [55.81;57.67] 15.91 (4.55)
[14.34;17.47]
35.20 (23.39) [27.16;43.23] 48.93 (23.44) [40.87;56.98] 57.94 (2.93)
[56.93;58.95]a
  1. \( \overline{x} \): mean; SD standard deviation; 95 % CI confidence interval; % percentage of each phase in relation to the total range of motion; ACC acceleration; LR load range; DC deceleration; ROM range of motion; and deg: degrees. a Significant difference compared to the normal group.b Significant difference between planus group and cavus group.