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Table 1 Sample Characteristics

From: Online questionnaire, clinical and biomechanical measurements for outcome prediction of plantar heel pain: feasibility for a cohort study

Demographics Plantar Heel Pain (n = 12) Other Foot Problems (n = 12) Healthy Controls (n = 12)
Gender (female:male) 6:6 6:6 7:5
Age, years (mean ± SD) 41 ± 16* 38 ± 13 28 ± 2.7
BMI, kg/m2 (mean ± SD) 27 ± 5.2$* 24 ± 3.9 23 ± 3.1
Morning Pain Severity, VAS (mean ± SD) 43 ± 20 54 ± 14 NA
Morning Pain Duration, mins. (mean ± SD) 24 ± 18 25 ± 19 NA
FAOS (mean ± SD) 55 ± 28$* 80 ± 17 99 ± 1
Occupation, (n, (%))
 Blue-collar 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 2 (17%)
 White collar 10 (83%) 9 (75%) 6 (50%)
 Unemployment & students 2 (17%) 3 (25%) 4 (33%)
Exercising regularly, (yes:no) (9:3) (9:3) (7:5)
  1. P-values for differences in means between groups calculated using Kruskal Wallis. *p < 0.05 compared to healthy controls, $p < 0.05 compared to other foot problems. Key = n number of participants, kg kilogram, m metre, BMI Body Mass Index, mins minutes, VAS Visual analogue scale, FAOS Foot and Ankle Outcome Score)