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Table 2 MI related skills at baseline, 2- and 12-weeks post-training

From: Effects of training podiatrists to use imagery-based motivational interviewing when treating people with diabetes-related foot disease: a mixed-methods pilot study

     Overall Time Effect Time Contrasts
     from Pillai’s Trace Baseline – 2 weeks Baseline - 12 weeks
Variable Baseline 2 weeks post-training 12 weeks post-training F [2, 9] p η2 F [1, 10] p η2 F [1, 10] p η2
  M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)          
Global scores
 Change Talk 1.77 (0.79) 3.08 (1.28) 2.08 (1.08) 5.60 .026 .554 10.92 .008 .522 0.79 .395 .073
 Soften Sustain 1.09 (1.46) 1.36 (1.64) 1.00 (1.32) 0.14 .874 .030 0.20 .665 .019 0.02 .883 .002
 Partnership 2.21 (0.74) 3.08 (0.96) 2.36 (0.98) 9.30 .006 .674 6.78 .026 .404 0.19 .671 .019
 Empathy 2.34 (1.18) 3.09 (1.04) 2.27 (1.03) 6.91 .015 .605 3.31 .099 .249 0.03 .859 .003
Focal MI behaviour counts
 Affirm 0.68 (0.93) 1.23 (1.08) 0.64 (0.81) 6.12 .021 .576 2.68 .133 .211 0.02 .905 .001
 Seeking Collaboration 1.65 (1.68) 2.91 (2.33) 2.56 (2.12) 1.66 .243 .270 3.69 .084 .270 1.74 .216 .148
 Emphasising Autonomy 0.05 (0.15) 0.36 (0.55) 0.36 (0.50) 2.00 .192 .307 3.06 .111 .234 4.22 .067 .297
 Persuadea 1.36 (1.12) 0.41 (0.66) 2.36 (2.60) 4.52 .044 .501 4.51 .060 .311 1.43 .260 .125
Other behaviour counts
 Giving Informationa 19.30 (8.55) 13.41 (5.13) 11.05 (6.04) 3.36 .081 .428 3.50 .091 .259 7.12 .024 .416
 Persuade with Permission 0.00 (0.00) 0.14 (0.32) 0.14 (0.24) 2.43 .143 .351 1.96 .192 .164 3.75 .082 .273
 Question 19.55 (7.92) 18.89 (5.25) 18.64 (5.80) 0.58 .944 .013 0.07 .798 .007 0.13 .731 .012
 Simple Reflection 1.36 (1.23) 2.38 (1.70) 0.76 (0.50) 4.14 .053 .479 3.13 .107 .239 2.05 .183 .170
 Complex Reflection 0.18 (0.34) 1.14 (1.19) 1.05 (1.65) 3.99 .057 .470 6.58 .028 .397 2.87 .121 .223
  1. Note: aLower Persuade or Giving Information scores indicate better MI adherence. The non-adherent behaviour ‘Confront’ was not seen in any recordings and therefore omitted from the table. M Mean. SD Standard Deviation