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Table 3 Approaches used to assess a typical patient with first MTP joint OA. Values are expressed as Number (%), where (%) indicates the proportion of respondents indicating they would use an approach from the given category

From: Management of first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis by physical therapists and podiatrists in Australia and the United Kingdom: a cross-sectional survey of current clinical practice

Approach categorySpecific approachTotal SamplePodiatristsPhysical therapistsp-value
Investigations 164 (82)97 (86)67 (77)0.11
 Ultrasound16 (10)12 (12)4 (6)0.12
 X-ray151 (92)91 (94)58 (87)0.11
 Special imaging (e.g. MRI, CT or bone scan)20 (12)9 (9)11 (16)0.27
 Lab tests (e.g. inflammatory markers, rheumatoid factors)54 (33)24 (25)30 (45)*0.04
 Other6 (4)3 (3)3 (5)0.64
Standardised performance measures 141 (71)75 (66)66 (76)0.15
 Heel raise84 (60)37 (49)47 (71)*0.01
 Jack’s test/Hubscher’s manoeuvre66 (47)55 (73)11 (17)*0.000
 Foot posture assessment107 (76)53 (71)54 (82)0.12
 Resting/neutral calcaneal standing position87 (62)51 (68)36 (55)0.10
 Lunge test72 (51)38 (51)34 (52)0.92
 First MTP joint range of motion127 (90)70 (93)57 (86)0.17
 Hallux strength55 (39)21 (28)34 (52)*0.004
 Visual gait assessment115 (82)63 (84)52 (79)0.43
 Other11 (8)4 (5)7 (11)0.38
Questionnaires 99 (50)45 (40)54 (62)*< 0.00
 Foot Health Status Questionnaire12 (12)8 (18)4 (7)0.12
 Short Form 12 or 3611 (11)0 (0)11 (20)*0.001
 Foot Function Index21 (21)15 (33)6 (11)*0.007
 American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Score Hallux, Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal Scale5 (5)0 (0)5 (9)0.05
 Baltimore Painful Foot Score1 (1)0 (0)1 (2)0.36
 Visual analogue scale/numeric rating scale of pain78 (79)34 (76)44 (82)0.47
 Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index7 (7)5 (11)2 (4)0.15
 Other8 (8)1 (2)7 (13)0.05
Weight assessment 149 (75)86 (76)63 (72)0.55
  1. Please note, percentage values for each sub-category is the percentage of respondents of the total responding for that category
  2. *P < 0.01