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Table 5 Assessment of the methodological quality of the studies and outcome quality of the measurement property for each method using COSMIN checklist

From: Comparison of 3D scanning versus traditional methods of capturing foot and ankle morphology for the fabrication of orthoses: a systematic review

Method Reference Measurement property: methodological quality per study
Reliability Measurement error Criterion validity
Casting
 NWB [23, 24, 27] ? ? ?
Foam impression
 PWB [23, 27] ? ? ?
 FWB [27] ? ?  
Ink footprint
 50% WB [25] --a ? ?
Digital footprint
 50% WB [25] ++a ? ?
3D Scanning
 NWB [23, 24, 27] ? ?  
 PWB [23, 27] ? ? ?
 PWB (corrected position) [27] ? ?  
 50% WB [25] ++a ? ?
  1. Abbreviations: NWB non-weightbearing, PWB partial-weightbearing, FWB Full-weightbearing, 50%WB 50%. weightbearing
  2. Outcome Quality: + = positive, − = negative,? = unknown
  3. aOne study had adequate methodological quality