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Table 3 Group marginal estimated means for all outcomes. Data expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM)

From: Should ice application be replaced with neurocryostimulation for the treatment of acute lateral ankle sprains? A randomized clinical trial

  NCS
(experimental
group, n = 20)
Ice
(comparison
group, n = 21)
Functional capacity (LEFS scores, 0–80)
 Baseline 29.6 ± 1.7 34.7 ± 2.5
 1 week 51.5 ± 2.9 52.2 ± 2.6
 2 weeks 62.4 ± 2.3 64.7 ± 2.0
 4 weeks 72.2 ± 1.9 73.0 ± 1.1
 6 weeks 74.7 ± 1.3 76.3 ± 0.8
Pain at rest (VAS, 0–10)
 Baseline 1.9 ± 0.4 2.2 ± 0.4
 1 week 1.5 ± 0.4 0.9 ± 0.2
 2 weeks 0.8 ± 0.3 0.3 ± 0.1
 4 weeks 0.2 ± 0.2 0.1 ± 0.1
 6 weeks 0.1 ± 0.1 0.1 ± 0.0
Pain during usual activities (VAS, 0–10)
 Baseline 4.5 ± 0.5 4.6 ± 0.4
 1 week 2.4 ± 0.4 2.3 ± 0.4
 2 weeks 1.7 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.2
 4 weeks 0.7 ± 0.3 0.5 ± 0.2
 6 weeks 0.4 ± 0.2 0.2 ± 0.1
Oedema (Figure-of-8, cm)
 Baseline 53.7 ± 0.7 52.7 ± 0.8
 1 week 53.0 ± 0.7 52.0 ± 0.8
 2 weeks 52.6 ± 0.7 52.1 ± 0.8
 4 weeks 52.4 ± 0.6 51.7 ± 0.7
 6 weeks 52.5 ± 0.7 51.9 ± 0.8
Dorsiflexion ROM (WBLT, cm)
 Baseline 5.5 ± 0.8 5.9 ± 1.0
 1 week 7.9 ± 0.9 9.4 ± 0.5
 2 weeks 9.6 ± 0.7 10.6 ± 0.5
 4 weeks 10.7 ± 0.5 11.7 ± 0.5
 6 weeks 11.2 ± 0.5 11.7 ± 0.6
  1. LEFS Lower Extremity Functional Scale, NCS neurocryostimulation, ROM range of motion, VAS visual analog scale, WBLT Weight-Bearing Lunge Test.