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Table 1 Participants’ baseline characteristics

From: Should ice application be replaced with neurocryostimulation for the treatment of acute lateral ankle sprains? A randomized clinical trial

   NCS group (n = 20) Ice group (n = 21)
Age, years, X̅ ± SD 26.9 ± 9.1 28.3 ± 9.8
Gender, # (% of allocation group) Female 10 (50%) 10 (48%)
Male 10 (50%) 11 (52%)
Weight, kg, X̅ ± SD 73.8 ± 12.9 72.1 ± 14.4
Height, cm, X̅ ± SD 172.4 ± 9.3 171.9 ± 9.4
Body mass index, kg/m2, X̅ ± SD 24.8 ± 3.8 24.5 ± 5.6
Number of previous ankle sprains, X̅ ± SD Same ankle 0.9 ± 1.4 1.0 ± 1.4
Any ankle 1.9 ± 2.8 1.5 ± 2.1
Physical activity, mean hours/week last 12 months, X̅ ± SD 10.6 ± 8.2 7.1 ± 4.5
Days from injury to initial assessment, X̅ ± SD 2.4 ± 0.9 2.0 ± 1.1
Days from injury to 1st treatment, X̅ ± SD 3.0 ± 1.1 2.5 ± 1.1
  1. NCS neurocryostimulation, SD standard deviation, mean. There was no statistical difference between the two groups for all variables (P ≥ 0.05; independent t-tests or Chi-squared tests).