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Table 1 Participant characteristics and relevant baseline outcome measures

From: Predictors of response to foot orthoses and corticosteroid injection for plantar heel pain

Characteristic Foot orthoses (n = 53) Corticosteroid injection (n = 50)
Age, years 42.9 (10.9) 44.9 (12.8)
Number of women, n (%) 33 (62.3) 30 (60.0)
Weight, kg 88.1 (21.5) 86.9 (21.7)
Height, m 1.7 (0.9) 1.7 (1.0)
Body mass index, kg/m2 31.1 (6.6) 29.7 (5.9)
Education, years 15.5 (2.7) 15.1 (3.6)
Duration of symptoms, months (median and interquartile range) 6 (8) 6 (8)
Weightbearing hours 6.9 (3.3) 7.2 (3.5)
Allocated to preferred treatment, n (%) 21 (39.6) 21 (42.0)
Plantar fascia thickness, mma 5.9 (1.1) 5.8 (1.5)
Foot Posture Indexb 3.6 (3.3) 3.7 (3.7)
Ankle dorsiflexion, degrees
 Knee extended 40.2 (6.9) 37.9 (6.9)
 Knee flexed 45.9 (8.3) 44.7 (7.3)
Baseline outcome measures
 FHSQ pain subscalec 38.4 (17.3) 38.5 (17.0)
 FHSQ footwear subscalec 43.1 (21.1) 50.3 (21.1)
 Baseline pain (measured using a VAS)d 51.1 (16.7) 56.8 (17.9)
 First-step pain (measured using a VAS)d 68.2 (14.9) 72.5 (16.4)
 FACSe 30.8 (18.0) 29.6 (16.6)
  1. Abbreviations: FHSQ Foot Health Status Questionnaire, FACS Fear-Avoidance Components Scale, VAS visual analogue scale
  2. aBased on the most painful foot
  3. bScores range from − 12 (highly supinated foot) to + 12 (highly pronated foot). A score between 1 and 7 indicates a normal foot posture [22]
  4. cScores on the FHSQ range from 0 (most pain/difficulty with footwear) to 100 (no pain/no difficulty with footwear)
  5. dScores on the VAS range from 0 (no pain) to 100 (worst pain imaginable)
  6. eScores on the FACS range from 0 (no fear-avoidance beliefs) to 100 (extreme fear-avoidance beliefs)