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Table 3 Attitudes towards footwear in relation to adherence

From: Predictors of adherence to wearing therapeutic footwear among people with diabetes

Variables Mean (SD) Univariate regression Multiple regression
   β p-value β p-value
1. Effect on ulcer healing † 4.2 (0.8) .367 <.001 .324 <.001*
2. Effect on reducing the risk of new ulcers † 4.2 (0.8) .312 <.001 .127 .137
3. Difficulties walking in the footwear † 3.7 (1.1) .308 <.001 .103 .110
4. Appearance † 2.6 (1.2) .102 .043 −.014 .815
5. Weight † 2.7 (1.1) .168 .001 .070 .242
6. Price † 3.4 (1.2) .145 .006 .038 .531
7. Pain when standing and walking † 3.9 (1.0) .277 <.001 .101 .138
8. Difficulties putting on and taking off the footwear † 3.4 (1.0) .155 .002 .055 .361
9. Ease of use in everyday activities, e.g., in your work † 3.7 (1.1) .246 <.001 .094 .140
10. Feeling inclined to wear the footwear in public † 3.0 (1.1) .107 .034 −.053 .380
11. Fit of the footwear † 3.8 (1.1) .274 <.001 .079 .203
12. Probability of new ulceration within 12 months if I always wear therapeutic footwear 2.0 (0.8) .026 .609   
13. Probability of new ulceration within 12 months if I never wear therapeutic footwear † 2.8 (1.0) .182 <.001 .078 .197
  1. SD standard deviation. Response options: for items 1–11, 1 = Conventional footwear is much better to 5 = Therapeutic footwear is much better, where 3 indicates indifference; for items 12–13, 1 = Highly improbable to 4 = Highly probable. † Variables with p-values < 0.10 in the univariate analyses were entered in the multiple regression analysis. * p < 0.05 in the multiple regression analysis
  2. Multiple regression model, F(1,261) = 28.02, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.11