# Table 2 Health care services, attitudes towards foot ulcers and strategies for footwear use in relation to adherence

Univariate regression

Multiple regression

Variables

Mean (SD)

β

p-value

β

p-value

Health care services

The staff were responsive to my concerns and questions (1 = Disagree to 3 = Strongly agree) †

2.5 (0.6)

.111

.029

.017

.767

I was a partner in decision making with clinic staff (1 = Disagree to 3 = Strongly agree) †

2.4 (0.6)

.084

.098

−.018

.743

I am satisfied with the follow-up of my therapeutic footwear (1 = Not satisfied at all to 5 = Very satisfied) †

3.8 (1.2)

.236

<.001

.226

<.001*

Attitudes towards foot ulcers

Lost/reduced sensation in your feet increases the risk of foot ulcerations (1 = Strongly disagree to 5 = Strongly agree) †

3.9 (1.2)

.157

.001

.153

.002*

What you do yourself is the main thing that affects whether you develop new foot ulcers (1 = Strongly disagree to 5 = Strongly agree) †

3.7 (1.2)

.032

.519

Worried about getting new foot ulcers in the future (1 = Not at all to 5 = Very much) †

3.0 (1.4)

.099

.044

.051

.327

Strategies for footwear use

Confident I would always wear therapeutic footwear if I decided to do so (1 = Very uncertain to 4 = Very certain) †

3.1 (1.0)

.403

<.001

.201

<.001*

n (%)

Where do you keep your therapeutic footwear? †

−.241

<.001

−.171

.001*

Put away, e.g., in a wardrobe

26 (6.3)

Visible at home

384 (93.7)

Where do you keep your conventional footwear? †

.330

<.001

−.159

.004*

Visible at home

198 (47.1)

Put away, e.g., in a wardrobe

135 (32.1)

Do not own conventional footwear

87 (20.7)

How do you choose between wearing therapeutic and conventional footwear? †

.383

<.001

.271

<.001*

Decide each time

141 (42.6)

I always do it the same way

190 (57.4)

Does someone usually remind you to wear your therapeutic footwear? †

−.099

.043

.689

.994

Yes, clinic staff and/or people close to me

95 (22.9)

No

320 (77.1)

1. SD Standard deviation. † Variables with p-values < 0.10 in the univariate analyses were entered in the multiple regression analysis per domain. * p < 0.05 in the multiple regression analysis
2. Multiple regression model for the Health care services domain, F(1,374) = 20.10, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.05; Attitudes towards foot ulcers domain, F(1,400) = 9.58, p < 0.002, R2 = 0.02; and Strategies for footwear use domain, F(4,309) = 28.98, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.28