Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographics, health and social support in relation to adherence (n = 429)

From: Predictors of adherence to wearing therapeutic footwear among people with diabetes

     Univariate regression Multiple regression
Variables N (%) Adherence, mean (SD) β p-value β p-value
Sex
 Men 287 (66.9) 0.49 (0.32) .041 .395   
 Women 142 (33.1) 0.52 (0.35)     
Age, mean (SD) 69.1 (10.6) 0.50 (0.33) −.052 .285   
Education
 Incomplete elementary schooling 11 (2.7) 0.48 (0.34) −.010 .841   
 Elementary school 143 (34.8) 0.49 (0.34) −.014 .780   
 Upper secondary school 152 (37.0) 0.51 (0.35) .023 .638   
 College/university 105 (25.5) 0.50 (0.29) −.007 .889   
Occupation†
 Retired ‡ 296 (70.1) 0.48 (0.33) −.088 .072 −.004 .946
 Paid employment ‡ 71 (16.8) 0.61 (0.31) .146 .003 .154 .002*
 Unemployed 11 (2.6) 0.47 (0.33) −.014 .769   
 Student 3 (0.7) 0.52 (0.20) .004 .932   
 Disability pension 57 (13.5) 0.53 (0.34) .041 .401   
 Sick leave 25 (5.9) 0.56 (0.32) .049 .312   
Diabetes type
 Type 1 ‡ 118 (27.5) 0.55 (0.34) .087 .070 .071 .151
 Type 2 ‡ 309 (72.0) 0.49 (0.33) −.081 .093 −.065 .192
 Other type 2 (0.5) 0.32 (0) .038 .436   
Current foot ulcer
 Yes ‡ 131 (30.8) 0.58 (0.32) .150 .002 .108 .032*
 No 295 (69.2) 0.47 (0.33)     
Previous foot ulcer
 Yes ‡ 250 (60.1) 0.54 (0.33) .158 .001 .131 .009*
 No 166 (39.9) 0.44 (0.32)     
Partial foot amputation
 Yes 62 (14.8) 0.60 (0.32) .122 .012 .063 .222
 No 356 (85.2) 0.48 (0.33)     
Amputation through or above the ankle
 Yes ‡ 19 (4.5) 0.65 (0.32) .096 .049 .069 .169
 No 401 (95.5) 0.49 (0.33)     
Is there someone close to you who supports you with your foot problems?
 Yes 258 (61.7) 0.50 (0.33) .004 .940   
 No 160 (38.3) 0.50 (0.33)     
  Mean (SD)      
Feeling down, depressed, or hopeless (1 = Almost every day to 4 = Not at all) 1.8 (1.0) 0.51 (0.33) −.013 .798   
General health (1 = Excellent to 5 = Poor) 2.6 (1.0) 0.50 (0.33) .038 .432   
  1. SD Standard deviation. †The percentages add up to more than 100% because more than one alternative could be chosen. ‡ Variables with p-values < 0.10 in the univariate analyses were entered in the multiple regression analysis by domain. * p < 0.05 in the multiple regression analysis. Multiple regression model F(3,394) = 8.04, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.06