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Table 2 FR, MSL, toe flexor strength, and plantar pressure

From: Correlation between functional ability, toe flexor strength, and plantar pressure of hallux valgus in young female adults: a cross-sectional study

  HV group (n = 39) no HV group (n = 55) p-value β effect size d
FR (cm/cm*100) 21.39 ± 3.61 22.15 ± 3.54 0.309 0.827 0.214
MSL (cm/cm*100) 72.10 ± 5.78 73.95 ± 6.54 0.159 0.705 0.300
Toe flexor strength (kg/bw*100) 26.69 ± 9.68 32.19 ± 8.55 0.002** 0.206 0.602
Plantar pressure (kPa)
 Gait
  T1 89.07 ± 22.65 79.41 ± 28.35 0.070 0.572 0.376
  T25 61.33 ± 32.50 81.38 ± 32.50 0.005** 0.187 0.617
  M1 104.74 ± 26.82 122.31 ± 52.56 0.055 0.506 0.421
  M24 159.60 ± 11.88 172.92 ± 49.54 0.014* 0.600 0.370
  M5 115.29 ± 24.03 121.20 ± 20.66 0.205 0.762 0.264
  MF 102.91 ± 29.44 96.37 ± 39.01 0.379 0.854 0.189
  MH 162.05 ± 7.96 163.01 ± 8.35 0.576 0.914 0.118
  LH 168.63 ± 11.93 164.29 ± 11.69 0.044* 0.603 0.368
 FR
  T1 59.23 ± 54.25 56.15 ± 49.83 0.985 0.941 0.059
  T25 53.30 ± 39.26 62.64 ± 46.33 0.343 0.829 0.218
  M1 105.82 ± 42.92 85.09 ± 37.44 0.016* 0.338 0.515
  M24 133.13 ± 34.33 128.12 ± 29.50 0.220 0.888 0.157
  M5 97.78 ± 40.45 105.52 ± 31.77 0.323 0.829 0.213
  MF 70.32 ± 26.10 58.23 ± 31.04 0.050 0.487 0.422
  MH 103.77 ± 34.39 110.34 ± 32.78 0.351 0.848 0.195
  LH 103.70 ± 34.35 112.59 ± 30.71 0.347 0.757 0.273
  1. FR functional reach, MSL maximum step length, HV hallux valgus, T1 first toe, T25 second through fifth toes, M1 first metatarsal, M24 second through fourth metatarsals, M5 fifth metatarsal, MF midfoot, MH medial heel, LH lateral heel
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01