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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for sagittal plane kinematics (stance phase) in individuals with 1st MTP joint OA. Values are degrees

From: First metatarsophalangeal joint range of motion is associated with lower limb kinematics in individuals with first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis

Kinematic variableMean (SD)Range
1st MTP joint – maximum dorsiflexion25.4 (6.7)13.8 – 39.5
Ankle joint – maximum plantarflexion7.3 (5.4)−3.0 – –21.6
Ankle joint – maximum dorsiflexion15.6 (3.5)9.5–25.3
Ankle joint – total excursion22.8 (4.4)13.9–32.9
Knee joint – maximum extension0.7 (5.5)−11.7 – –11.4
Knee joint – maximum flexion35.6 (6.5)18.5 – 51.3
Knee joint – total excursion36.3 (6.4)16.1 – 51.8
Hip joint – maximum extension13.4 (7.3)1.6 – 27.2
Hip joint – maximum flexion34.2 (7.1)19.8 – 48.4
Hip joint – total excursion47.5 (5.2)35.1 – 57.0