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Table 2 Participant characteristics for part 1 (n = 34). Absolute refers to direct measurements whereas normalised refers to measurements normalised to foot length

From: Development and evaluation of a dual density insole for people standing for long periods of time at work

Variable Mean SD Min Max
Age (years) 31.6 10.4 18 54
Height (m) 1.69 0.06 1.54 1.81
Weight (kg) 70.7 12.6 55 99
BMI (kg/m2) 24.8 4.8 19.2 37.9
UK Shoe Size 7 2 5 9
Q angle (°) 8.6 2 5.5 12.5
FPI 3.9 2.7 −1 8
Foot Length (mm) 252.1 9.5 236.5 276.5
Arch Length Absolute (mm) 182.2 7.1 173 199.5
Normalised (%) 72.3 1.4 70.0 77.3
Foot Width Absolute (mm) 92.4 4.8 84.5 102.5
Normalised (%) 36.7 1.8 33.5 40.4
Dorsal Arch Height Absolute (mm) 61.8 5.7 51.5 72.0
Normalised (%) 24.5 2.1 20.6 28.3
Navicular Height Absolute (mm) 43.8 6.6 28.5 57.0
Normalised (%) 17.3 2.5 11.5 22.1
MTPJ1 height Absolute (mm) 34.0 3.7 20.0 39.5
Normalised (%) 13.5 1.4 8.1 15.5
MTPJ5 height Absolute (mm) 23.0 2.3 19.0 30.0
Normalised (%) 9.1 0.9 7.7 11.5
Heel Width Absolute (mm) 58.2 5.2 46.5 70.0
Normalised (%) 23.1 2.1 18.6 27.1
Ball of foot Circumference Absolute (mm) 236.7 15.2 209.5 289.5
Normalised (%) 93.9 5.7 85.5 114.7
Heel circumference Absolute (mm) 276.5 11.9 255.5 300
Normalised (%) 109.7 3.8 103.0 117.7
  1. SD Standard deviation; FPI Foot Posture Index