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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: The ankle brachial index in people with and without diabetes: intra-tester reliability

  Diabetes (n = 40) No diabetes (n = 45) Between group differences
Males n (%) 20 (50) 20 (44) 0.79
Females n (%) 20 (50) 25 (55)  
Age range (years) 50–81 65–94  
Mean age (years) 68.0 76.3 0.001
Mean body mass index 33.9 29.4 0.001
Smoking history n (%) 16 (40) 15 (33) 0.94
Mean diabetes duration (years) 8.1   
Oral hypoglycaemics n (%) 31 (78)   
Insulin n (%) 14 (35)   
Neuropathy n (%) 14 (35)   
Mean ankle pressure 1 mmHg (SD) 129.9 (15.5) 132.7 (11.8) 0.22
Mean ankle pressure 2 mmHg (SD) 132.5 (16.1) 127 (12.6) 0.65
Mean brachial pressure 1 mmHg (SD) 123.6 (11.4) 130.9 0.22
Mean brachial pressure 2 mmHg (SD) 124.7 (11) 129.5 0.10
Mean ABI test 1 mmHg (SD) 1.06 (0.13) 1.04 0.34
Mean ABI test 2 mmHg (SD 1.06 (0.11) 1.04 0.67
Mean ABI ≤0.90 in both assessments N = 3 N = 5  
  1. ABI ankle brachial index