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Table 4 Mean peak pressure (SD) and comparisons in kilopascals (kPa) for each of the 7 conditions (N = 36)

From: Effects of metatarsal domes on plantar pressures in older people with a history of forefoot pain

ConditionProximal maskBeneath maskDistal mask
Mean
(SD)
Mean diff. (95% CI)P-valueMean
(SD)
Mean diff. (95% CI)P-valueMean
(SD)
Mean diff. (95% CI)P-value
1. Control81.7
(43.4)
N/AN/A193.7 (92.6)N/AN/A351.0 (128.6)N/AN/A
2. Emsold metatarsal dome 5 mm proximal77.6
(19.2)
3, 4, 6, 7
4.0
(−16.5, 24.5)
1.000152.8 (56.4)40.8
(−2.5, 84.2)
0.083300.0 (94.6)
1
51.0
(1.8, 100.2)
0.036
3. Emsold metatarsal dome in-line87.4
(26.9)
2
−5.7
(−24.1, 12.7)
1.000156.1 (57.0)
4, 7
37.6
(−1.3, 76.5)
0.067301.6 (83.7)
1
49.4
(7.9, 91.0)
0.009
4. Emsold metatarsal dome 5 mm distal91.0
(23.2)
2
−9.4
(−27.8, 9.1)
1.000169.9 (56.9)
3
23.8
(− 9.9, 57.4)
0.565293.4 (90.4)
1
57.6
(11.4, 103.8)
0.005
5. Langer PPT metatarsal pad 5 mm proximal86.6
(26.1)
−4.9
(−24.6, 14.7)
1.000158.5 (62.1)35.2
(−0.2, 70.6)
0.053306.3 (112.5)
1
44.7
(7.4, 82.0)
0.008
6. Langer PPT metatarsal pad in-line91.0
(25.9)
2
−9.3
(− 34.1, 15.5)
1.000161.9 (60.8)31.7
(−8.8, 72.3)
0.309290.6 (99.5)
1
60.5
(19.9, 101.0)
< 0.001
7. Langer PPT metatarsal pad 5 mm distal93.5
(26.7)
2
−11.8
(− 38.3, 14.7)
1.000173.4 (57.6)
3
20.3
(− 21.2, 61.7)
1.000289.1 (99.8)
1
61.9
(18.8, 105.1)
0.001
  1. Notes: Proximal mask positioned proximal to the metatarsal heads; Beneath mask positioned beneath the metatarsal heads; Distal mask positioned distal to the metatarsal heads. Full results and pairwise comparisons for all conditions are contained in Additional file 1
  2. Abbreviations: 1significantly different from control condition; 2 significantly different from Emsold proximal; 3 significantly different from Emsold in-line, 4 significantly different from Emsold distal; 5 significantly different from Langer proximal; 6 significantly different from Langer in-line, 7 significantly different from Langer distal