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Table 1 Positioning and approximate borders of the metatarsal domes

From: Effects of metatarsal domes on plantar pressures in older people with a history of forefoot pain

Position tested*Proximal borderDistal borderMedial borderLateral border
5 mm proximal to the metatarsal heads15 mm distal to the styloid process of the 5th metatarsal5 mm proximal to the metatarsal headsMedial margin of the 2nd metatarsalLateral margin of the 4th metatarsal
In-line with the metatarsal heads20 mm distal to the styloid process of the 5th metatarsalIn-line with the metatarsal headsMedial margin of the 2nd metatarsalLateral margin of the 4th metatarsal
5 mm distal to the metatarsal heads25 mm distal to the styloid process of the 5th metatarsal5 mm distal to the metatarsal headsMedial margin of the 2nd metatarsalLateral margin of the 4th metatarsal
  1. *Notes: (i) both types of metatarsal domes (Emsold and Langer) were tested in all three positions, and (ii) for full details of how the metatarsal heads were located and marked on the template see the ‘Protocol’ sub-section in the Methods