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Table 5 Correlations of quality of life with other psychosocial examination results and comorbidities of 209 Saudi diabetic patients by diabetic foot (DF) ulcer status

From: Associations of foot ulceration with quality of life and psychosocial determinants among patients with diabetes; a case-control study

 Physical healthPsychologicalSocial relationshipsEnvironmentOverallTotal (all domains)
DM with DF
 Anxiety; HAD anxiety− 0.381**− 0.363*− 0.104− 0.396**− 0.488**− 0.494**
 Depression; HAD depression− 0.565**− 0.512**− 0.212− 0.453**− 0.552**− 0.624**
 Somatic symptoms; PHQ-15−0.353*− 0.179− 0.109− 0.321*−0.197− 0.401**
Self-management; SDSCA
 Diet−0.1330.2430.0700.0490.441**0.065
 Exercise0.132−0.0010.1560.1920.313*0.190
 Blood sugar testing−0.159− 0.109− 0.0950.118− 0.083− 0.085
 Foot care0.1550.106−0.1000.1290.1020.203
 Total−0.0100.139−0.0210.1890.334*0.161
 Number of comorbid diseases0.0960.047−0.039− 0.065− 0.020− 0.018
DM without DF
 Anxiety; HAD anxiety−0.562**− 0.547**− 0.350**−0.362**− 0.365**−0.587**
 Depression; HAD depression−0.521**−0.488**− 0.411**−0.385**− 0.341**−0.574**
 Somatic symptoms; PHQ-15−0.654**−0.462**− 0.324**−0.368**− 0.352**−0.582**
Self-management; SDSCA
 Diet0.0780.1270.0520.156*0.0840.108
 Exercise0.226**0.005−0.0430.0730.0340.109
 Blood sugar testing−0.087−0.0490.101−0.007− 0.033−0.064
 Foot care0.0060.1380.1460.1440.1090.127
 Total0.0360.0800.0590.1110.0570.068
 Number of comorbid diseases−.411**−0.149−0.120−0.106−0.086− 0.253**
Total
 Anxiety; HAD anxiety−0.525**−0.509**− 0.293**−0.368**− 0.387**−0.559**
 Depression; HAD depression−0.534**−0.491**− 0.376**−0.397**− 0.382**−0.582**
 Somatic symptoms; PHQ-15−0.575**−0.396**− 0.274**−0.358**− 0.319**−0.532**
Self-management; SDSCA
 Diet0.0160.1350.0380.1270.148*0.084
 Exercise0.212**0.0090.0060.0940.0920.137*
 Blood sugar testing−0.118−0.0650.0500.024−0.046−0.073
 Foot care−0.0020.0990.0850.1360.0870.111
 Total0.0100.0730.0480.140*0.0950.079
 Number of comorbid diseases−.300**−0.105−0.106− 0.092−0.075− 0.201**
  1. Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (*) or the 0.01 level (**). Abbreviations as listed in Table 3