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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of 209 Saudi diabetic patients by diabetic foot ulcer statusa

From: Associations of foot ulceration with quality of life and psychosocial determinants among patients with diabetes; a case-control study

 Diabetic foot ulcersTotal (N = 209)Magnitude of difference bp-value
Yes (n = 45)No (n = 164)
Age (years)
 Mean ± SD56.7 ± 12.356.1 ± 11.656.2 ± 11.70.7 (−3.3–4.6)0.740
  < 6024 (54.5%)99 (61.5%)123 (60.0%)0.405
  ≥ 6020 (45.5%)62 (38.5%)82 (40.0%)1.36 (0.69–2.66) 
Weight (kg)88.8 ± 20.482.2 ± 20.283.6 ± 20.46.6 (−1.1–14.3)0.091
Height (cm)165.4 ± 8.7161.8 ± 8.8162.6 ± 8.93.6 (0.2–7.0)0.037
Body mass index
 Mean ± SD32.7 ± 7.831.7 ± 7.631.9 ± 7.61.0 (−2.0–4.0)0.509
 Normal4 (12.1%)19 (16.5%)23 (15.5%)0.743
 Overweight11 (33.3%)32 (27.8%)43 (29.1%)1.72 (0.48–6.14) 
 Obese18 (54.5%)64 (55.7%)82 (55.4%)1.41 (0.43–4.64) 
Gender
 Male23 (51.1%)70 (42.7%)93 (44.5%)1.43 (0.74–2.78)0.314
 Female22 (48.9%)94 (57.3%)116 (55.5%) 
Marital status
 Single3 (6.7%)7 (4.3%)10 (4.8%)0.197
 Married33 (73.3%)132 (80.5%)165 (78.9%)0.75 (0.19–2.93) 
 Widow5 (11.1%)21 (12.8%)26 (12.4%)0.71 (0.14–3.65) 
 Divorced4 (8.9%)4 (2.4%)8 (3.8%)3.0 (0.45–20.15) 
Educational level
 Illiterate7 (16.3%)34 (21.4%)41 (20.3%)0.407
 Less than high school17 (39.5%)43 (27.0%)60 (29.7%)1.92 (0.72–5.16) 
 High school10 (23.3%)37 (23.3%)47 (23.3%)1.31 (0.45–3.84) 
 University or above9 (20.9%)45 (28.3%)54 (26.7%)0.97 (0.33–2.87) 
Occupation
 Field job3 (6.7%)15 (9.1%)18 (8.6%)0.79 (0.21–3.02)0.651
 Office job9 (20.0%)21 (12.8%)30 (14.4%)1.69 (0.66–4.31) 
 Housewife15 (33.3%)57 (34.8%)72 (34.4%)1.04 (0.48–2.24) 
 Not working18 (40.0%)71 (43.3%)89 (42.6%) 
Monthly family income (SR)
  < 500020 (47.6%)55 (36.2%)75 (38.7%)0.172
 5000-999912 (28.6%)48 (31.6%)60 (30.9%)0.69 (0.31–1.55) 
 10,000-14,9998 (19.0%)23 (15.1%)31 (16.0%)0.96 (0.37–2.48) 
  ≥ 15,0002 (4.8%)26 (17.1%)28 (14.4%)0.21 (0.05–0.97) 
Number of family members
 Mean ± SD6.8 ± 3.17.0 ± 3.47.0 ± 3.3−0.2 (−1.4–0.9)0.718
Living alone
 No39 (86.7%)143 (88.3%)182 (87.9%)0.770
 Yes6 (13.3%)19 (11.7%)25 (12.1%)1.16 (0.43–3.10) 
  1. a Number (frequency) unless noted otherwise; SD standard deviation. b Magnitude of difference between cases and control; odds ratio (for categorical data) or mean difference (for continuous data) plus 95% confidence interval. Empty cells means reference group