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Table 3 Bivariate relationship analysis of participant characteristics with UT score

From: The foot-health of people with diabetes in regional and rural Australia: baseline results from an observational cohort study

VariableNo Neuropathy (n = 351)Neuropathy/no prior history of pathology or neuropathy with deformity (n = 234)History of or current pathology (n = 314)p
Sex    
 Male150 (29.6)134 (26.5)222 (43.9)< 0.0001a
 Female201 (51.1)100 (25.4)92 (23.4)
Age65 (13.5)72 (10.7)66 (12.0)< 0.0001a
Diabetes type
 Type 126 (31.3)12 (14.5)45 (54.2)< 0.0001a
 Type 2325 (39.8)222 (27.2)269 (33.0)
Diagnosed > 20 years+45 (20.3)52 (23.4)125 (56.3)< 0.0001a
Current smoker50 (44.6)20 (17.9)42 (37.5)0.10
Knowledge of ideal HbA1c target (mmol/L)
  ≤ 7.5169 (41.4)89 (21.8)150 (36.8)0.03a
  > 7.5 or don’t know182 (37.1)145 (29.5)164 (33.4)
IRSD decile (median (IQR))3 (2–4)3 (2–4)3 (2–5)0.33
Rurality of residence    
 Inner regional223 (39.1)166 (29.1)182 (31.9)0.01a
 Outer regional111 (37.9)58 (19.8)124 (42.3)
 Remote or very remote17 (48.6)10 (28.6)8 (22.9)
State of Residence
 Tasmania159 (35.9)74 (16.7)210 (47.4)< 0.0001a
 Victoria192 (42.1)160 (35.1)104 (22.8)
  1. Notes: Data presented as n (%) or mean (SD) or IRSD decile (median (IQR)). Percentages are reported by row. +15 participants who could not provide duration of diabetes information excluded from this calculation. aStatistically significant