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Table 3 Independent factors associated with footwear type worn most inside the house in previous year (Odds Ratios [95% CI])

From: Factors associated with type of footwear worn inside the house: a cross-sectional study

  Risk Factor Unadjusted p Value Adjusteda p Value
PROTECTIVE
 Walking Shoes Nil   
 Running Shoes No diabetes 3.63 [1.04–12.72] 0.044* 4.11 [1.10–15.38] 0.036*
Stroke 3.02 [1.27–7.18] 0.012* 3.70 [1.43–9.57] 0.007*
Peripheral Neuropathy 2.57 [1.12–5.90] 0.026* 3.40 [1.28–8.99] 0.014*
 Oxford Shoes Born overseas 4.32 [1.30–14.34] 0.017* 3.85 [1.13–13.13] 0.031*
NON-PROTECTIVE
 Slippers Age (year) 1.06 [1.05–1.08] < 0.001* 1.07 [1.05–1.08] < 0.001*
<Year 10 Education Level 1.80 [1.17–2.76] 0.007* 1.83 [1.19–2.82] 0.006*
Socioeconomic Status   < 0.001*   < 0.001*
Most disadvantaged 1.00   1.00  
Second most disadvantaged 2.20 [1.09–4.42] 0.028* 2.33 [1.14–4.73] 0.020*
Middle 0.94 [0.42–2.14] 0.888 1.08 [0.45–2.60] 0.869
Second least disadvantaged 2.54 [1.31–4.91] 0.006* 2.76 [1.33–5.74] 0.006*
Least disadvantaged 0.54 [0.22–1.34] 0.184 0.58 [0.23–1.49] 0.256
 Thongs/Flip Flops Smoker 2.81 [1.65–4.78] < 0.001* 2.11 [1.20–3.73] 0.010*
No mobility impairment 5.35 [2.69–10.66] < 0.001* 4.21 [2.06–8.60] < 0.001*
Geographical Remoteness   0.004*   0.019*
Major city 1.00   1.00  
Inner regional area 1.08 [0.61–1.92] 0.794 1.06 [0.55–2.04] 0.868
Outer regional area 1.43 [0.70–2.94] 0.328 1.46 [0.68–3.13] 0.329
Remote area 4.46 [1.89–10.50] 0.001* 4.38 [1.73–11.05] 0.002*
Very remote area 2.83 [1.09–7.39] 0.033* 2.68 [0.90–7.93] 0.075
 Backless Slippers Female 2.21 [1.23–3.95] 0.008* 2.19 [1.2–3.96] 0.009*
Born overseas 2.93 [1.62–5.30] < 0.001* 3.09 [1.69–5.66] < 0.001*
Hypertension 2.19 [1.21–3.97] 0.009* 2.07 [1.09–3.93] 0.026*
 Moccasins Age (years) 1.04 [1.01–1.06] 0.002* 1.03 [1.01–1.06] 0.008*
Past Orthotist Treatment 19.65 [1.26–306.3] 0.034* 26.94 [1.40–519.6] 0.029*
No foot deformity 3.30 [1.12–9.76] 0.031* 4.09 [1.19–14.11] 0.026*
 Sandals Nil   
 Ugg Boots Female 2.79 [1.05–7.43] 0.040* 2.82 [1.05–7.60] 0.040*
NO FOOTWEAR
 Barefoot Age (year) 0.97 [0.96–0.98] < 0.001* 0.97 [0.96–0.98] < 0.001*
Stroke history 0.38 [0.19–0.76] 0.007* 0.38 [0.19–0.77] 0.007*
Socioeconomic Status   0.018*   0.043*
Least disadvantaged 1.00   1.00  
Second least disadvantaged 1.13 [0.63–2.04] 0.680 1.04 [0.55–1.99] 0.896
Middle 1.08 [0.63–1.84] 0.784 0.98 [0.56–1.73] 0.955
Second most disadvantaged 0.64 [0.34–1.21] 0.173 0.59 [0.30–1.17] 0.131
Most disadvantaged 0.57 [0.34–0.95] 0.030* 0.55 [0.33–0.93] 0.025*
 Socks only Depression 0.11 [0.02–0.85] 0.034* 0.12 [0.02–0.87] 0.036*
  1. aAdjusted for age, sex, socio-economic status and geographical remoteness *p < 0.05; Missing: Excluded missing cases