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Table 3 Risk factors for walking/running injuries

From: Is consumer behaviour towards footwear predisposing for lower extremity injuries in runners and walkers? A prospective study

Variable Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Odds Ratio (95%CI) p-value Odds Ratio, (95%CI) p-value
Basic decisions
 Place of acquisition   0.578   
Gait analysis before buying (prescribed) shoes (having no gait analysis and not buying prescribed shoes is the reference)
 Gait analysis and prescribed shoes 4.65 (2.25;9.58) < 0.001 4.76 (2.26;10.02) < 0.001
 No gait analysis but prescribed shoes 3.19 (0.55;18.73) 0.198 2.28 (0.27;18.99) 0.447
 Gait analysis but no prescribed shoes 4.56 (1.31;15.94) < 0.001 4.75 (1.28;17.69) 0.020
 Price   0.596   
 Reason for acquisition   0.993   
 Influenced by advice of others (no influence is the reference) 2.63 (1.22;5.64) 0.013   
 Impulsiveness   0.268   
Influencing factors
 Colour   0.107   
Model (neutral is the reference)
 Not at all 4.62 (1.66;12.88) 0.003   
 Not 2.91 (1.05;8.06) 0.040   
 Much 0.84 (0.35;2.03) 0.689   
 Very much 0.73 (0.22;2.43) 0.608   
 Material   0.061   
Closure mechanism (neutral is the reference)
 Not at all 5.27 (1.71;16.27) 0.004   
 Not 3.25 (1.09;9.66) 0.035   
 Much 1.51 (0.64;3.53) 0.345   
 Very much 1.15 (0.36;3.67) 0.818   
 Presence of special properties   0.309   
 Price   0.459   
 Quality   0.252   
 Price/quality ratio   0.208   
 Sales and discount   0.962   
 Brand   0.380   
 Fashion   0.773   
 Advertisement   0.275   
 Comfort   0.939   
 Necessity   0.663   
 Sport specificity   0.118   
Right fitting (neutral is the reference)
 Much 0.11 (0.02;0.57) 0.009 0.11 (0.02;0.67) 0.017
 Very much 0.30 (0.06;1.39) 0.123 0.29 (0.05;1.63) 0.160
 Technology   0.343   
 Store service   0.870   
  1. Only for significant variables the odds ratios are shown. Only variables with a p-value > 0.2 in the univariate analysis were considered for the multivariable analysis. P-values < 0.05 are reflected in bold