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Table 6 Previous treatments provided to the participants prior to referral to public-sector orthopaedic department

From: Management of musculoskeletal foot and ankle conditions prior to public-sector orthopaedic referral in South Australia

  General practitioner initiated, (n = 233) Other health professional initiated, (n = 148)
Analgesia
 Paracetamol 123 (52.8) 44 (29.7)
 Oral NSAIDs 106 (45.5) 37 (25.0)
 Codeine/opioids 62 (26.6) 22 (14.9)
 Topical NSAIDs 82 (35.2) 32 (21.6)
Corticosteroid injection 63 (27.0) 30 (20.3)
Change of footwear 109 (46.8) 63 (42.6)
Foot orthoses 83 (35.6) 66 (44.6)
Exercises 90 (38.6) 66 (44.6)
Ankle brace 33 (14.2) 16 (10.8)
Walking aid (stick or frame) 31 (13.3) 13 (8.8)
  1. Values are n (%)
  2. Abbreviations: NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs