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Table 4 Shoe use, fees, and social support

From: Gender differences in attitudes and attributes of people using therapeutic shoes for diabetic foot complications

  All (n = 443) Men (n = 294) Women (n = 149) P-valuea
Weekly use of therapeutic shoes, days/week (SD) 5.9 (2.0) 5.9 (2.0) 5.8 (2.0) 0.691
Weekly use of conventional shoes, days/week (SD) 2.2 (2.8) 2.0 (2.7) 2.4 (2.9) 0.198
Daily use of therapeutic shoes, hours/day (SD) 8.5 (4.7) 8.3 (4.6) 8.9 (4.9) 0.214
Daily use of conventional shoes, hours/day (SD) 3.4 (3.3) 3.4 (3.4) 3.4 (3.2) 0.991
Percentage of waking day in therapeutic shoes, mean (SD) 50.3 (32.8) 49.4 (32.0) 52.2 (34.5) 0.395
Percentage of waking day in conventional shoes, mean (SD) 12.1 (21.1) 11.5 (21.1) 13.3 (21.3) 0.419
Use of therapeutic shoes at least 60% of waking day, n (%)
 Yes 169 (38.1) 110 (37.4) 59 (39.6) 0.520
 No 260 (58.7) 177 (60.2) 83 (55.7)  
 Missing 14 (3.2) 7 (2.4) 7 (4.7)  
Did you pay a fee for your current therapeutic shoes? n (%)
 Yes 335 (75.6) 218 (74.1) 117 (78.5) 0.420
 No 92 (20.8) 64 (21.8) 28 (18.8)  
 Missing 16 (3.6) 12 (4.1) 4 (2.7)  
Does someone usually remind you to use your therapeutic shoes?, n (%)b
 Yes, clinic staff 58 (13.1) 47 (16.0) 11 (7.4) 0.014
 Yes, people close to me 50 (11.3) 44 (15.0) 6 (4.0) 0.001
 No 331 (74.7) 205 (69.7) 126 (84.6) < 0.001
 Missing 16 (3.6) 8 (2.7) 8 (5.4)  
Is there someone close to you who supports you with your foot problems? n (%)
 Yes 262 (59.1) 178 (60.5) 84 (56.4) 0.363
 No 168 (37.9) 107 (36.4) 61 (40.9)  
 Missing 13 (2.9) 9 (3.1) 4 (2.7)  
  1. aTwo-sided t-tests were used for comparisons of weekly and daily shoe use. For variables with two response categories, a single chi-square test was used. For variables with three or more response categories, a separate chi-square test was used for each response category. P-values less than 0.05 are written in boldface. Adherence was estimated with two questions adapted from the Questionnaire for persons with a transfemoral amputation [19]
  2. bThe percentages add up to more than 100% because some respondents were reminded by both clinic staff and people close to them (e.g. a relative or friend)