Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants

From: Gender differences in attitudes and attributes of people using therapeutic shoes for diabetic foot complications

   All (n = 443) Men (n = 294) Women (n = 149) P-valuea
Age, mean (sd)   69.2 (10.6) 69.1 (10.3) 69.4 (11.4) 0.794
Education, n (%) Incomplete elementary schooling 11 (2.5) 8 (2.7) 3 (2.0) 0.758b
Elementary school 150 (33.9) 103 (35.0) 47 (31.5) 0.502
Upper secondary school 154 (34.8) 104 (35.4) 50 (33.6) 0.756
College/university 110 (24.8) 68 (23.1) 42 (28.2) 0.218
Missing 18 (4.1) 11 (3.7) 7 (4.7)  
Occupation, n (%)c Retired 306 (69.1) 206 (70.1) 100 (67.1) 0.548
Paid employment 74 (16.7) 60 (20.4) 14 (9.4) 0.003
Unemployed 12 (2.7) 7 (2.4) 5 (3.4) 0.547b
Student 3 (0.7) 1 (0.3) 2 (1.3) 0.262b
Disability pension 58 (13.1) 30 (10.2) 28 (18.8) 0.011
Sick leave 25 (5.6) 16 (5.4) 9 (6.0) 0.790
Missing 8 (1.8) 5 (1.7) 3 (2.0)  
Diabetes type, n (%) Type 1 120 (27.1) 71 (24.1) 49 (32.9) 0.051
Type 2 320 (72.2) 220 (74.8) 100 (67.1) 0.087
Other type 3 (0.7) 3 (1.0) 0 0.554b
Missing 0 0 0  
Current ulcer, n (%) Yes 135 (30.5) 89 (30.3) 46 (30.9) 0.897
No 305 (68.8) 203 (69.0) 102 (68.5)  
Missing 3 (0.7) 2 (0.7) 1 (0.7)  
Previous ulcer, n (%) Yes 254 (57.3) 185 (62.9) 69 (46.3) 0.001
No 175 (39.5) 100 (34.0) 75 (50.3)  
Missing 14 (3.2) 9 (3.1) 5 (3.4)  
Minor amputation, n (%) Yes 62 (14.0) 52 (17.7) 10 (6.7) 0.002
No 370 (83.5) 237 (80.6) 133 (89.3)  
Missing 11 (2.5) 5 (1.7) 6 (4.0)  
Major amputation, n (%) Yes 20 (4.5) 17 (5.8) 3 (2.0) 0.074
No 414 (93.5) 272 (92.5) 142 (95.3)  
Missing 9 (2.0) 5 (1.7) 4 (2.7)  
  1. aA two-sided t-test was used to compare the age of men and women. Two-sided chi-square tests were used for all other comparisons. For variables with two response categories, a single chi-square test was used. For variables with three or more response categories, a separate chi-square test was used for each response category. P-values less than 0.05 are written in boldface
  2. bTwo-sided Fischer’s exact test was used because at least one cell had an expected cell count below 5
  3. cThe percentages add up to more than 100% because more than one alternative could be chosen