|Articles||Health Evidence Bulletins - Wales: Additional questions to assist with the critical appraisal of a qualitative study.||Schoen ||Watson |
|A. What is this paper about?||1. Is the study relevant to the needs of the project?||Y||Y|
|2. Does the paper address a clearly focussed issue? Are the aims of the investigation clearly stated?||Y||Y|
|B. Do I trust it?||3. Is the choice of a qualitative method appropriate?||What was this study exploring (eg behaviour/reasoning/beliefs)?||Y||Y|
|Do you think a quantitative approach could have equally/better addressed this issue?||N||N|
|4. Was the author’s position clearly stated?||Has the researcher described his/her perspective?||Y||N|
|Has the researcher examined his/her role, potential bias and influence?||Y||N|
|5. Was the sampling strategy clearly described and justified?||
Check to see whether:|
• the method of sampling is stated or described
• the investigators sampled the most useful or productive range of individuals and settings relevant to their question
• the characteristics of those included in the study are defined (and are comparable to the wider population)
6. Was there an adequate description of the method of data|
• Is the method of data collection described and justified?|
• How the data were collected (eg audiotape/videotape/field notes)?
• If interviews were used, were the questions pre-tested?
• If observation was used, is the context described and were observations made in a variety of circumstances?
|7. Were the procedures for data analysis / interpretation described and justified?||
Check to see whether:|
• a description is given of how the themes and concepts were identified in the data
• the analysis was performed by more than one researcher
• negative/discrepant results were taken into account
• the data were fed back to the participants for comment
|C. What did they find?||8. What are the primary findings?||
Consider whether the results:|
• address the research question
• are likely to be clinically important
|9. Are the results credible?||
Were sequences from the original data presented (eg quotations) and were these fairly selected?|
• Is it possible to determine the source of the data presented (eg numbering of extracts)?
• How much of the information collected is available for independent assessment?
• Are the explanations for the results plausible and coherent?
• Are the results of the study compared with those from other studies?
|D. Are the results relevant locally?||10. Can the results be applied to the local situation?||Consider differences between the local and study populations (eg cultural, geographical, ethical) which could affect the relevance of the study.||Y||Y|
|11. Were all important outcomes/results considered?||Y||Y|
|12. Accept for further use?||Y||Y|