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Table 3 Foot deformity, pain and skin lesions. Values are N (%)

From: Foot structure, pain and functional ability in people with gout in primary care: cross-sectional findings from the Clinical Assessment Study of the Foot

  Left foot P value Right foot P value
Non-gout
N = 102
Gout
N = 26
Non-gout
N = 102
Gout
N = 26
Plantar aspect skin lesion
 Midfoot 51 (50.00) 11 (42.31) 0.553 52 (50.98) 11 (42.31) 0.470
 Whole Foot 75 (73.53) 16 (61.54) 0.291 75 (73.53) 17 (65.38) 0.448
 Greater toe 57 (55.88) 13 (50.00) 0.577 65 (63.73) 13 (50.00) 0.250
 Lesser toes 60 (58.82) 11 (42.31) 0.203 57 (55.88) 11 (42.31) 0.262
Dorsal aspect skin lesion
 Midfoot 3 (2.94) 0 (0.00) 6 (5.88) 0 (0.00)
 Whole Foot 45 (44.12) 7 (26.92) 0.136 47 (46.08) 7 (26.92) 0.097
 Greater toe 24 (23.53) 2 (7.69) 0.083 26 (25.49) 3 (11.54) 0.133
 Lesser toes 35 (34.31) 6 (23.08) 0.270 35 (34.31) 6 (23.08) 0.290
Pain regions
 1st MTPJ 39 (38.24) 10 (38.46) 0.983 41 (40.20) 10 (38.46) 0.864
 Hallux 34 (33.33) 6 (23.08) 0.353 32 (31.37) 11 (42.31) 0.339
 Greater toe 50 (49.02) 11 (42.31) 0.541 49 (48.04) 14 (53.85) 0.584
 Lesser toes 47 (46.08) 9 (34.62) 0.324 48 (47.06) 9 (34.62) 0.292
 Plantar forefoot 32 (31.37) 6 (23.08) 0.433 30 (29.41) 7 (26.92) 0.796
 Midfoot 46 (45.10) 12 (46.15) 0.919 47 (46.08) 8 (30.77) 0.216
 Medial arch 26 (25.49) 8 (30.77) 0.597 23 (22.55) 5 (19.23) 0.743
 Ankle 37 (36.27) 12 (46.15) 0.294 37 (36.27) 8 (30.77) 0.575
 Plantar heel 15 (14.71) 5 (19.23) 0.616 17 (16.67) 4 (15.38) 0.887
Hallux valgus 29 (28.43) 1 (3.85) 0.024 31 (30.39) 7 (26.92) 0.745
Deformity
 All toes 61 (59.80) 18 (69.23) 0.420 64 (62.75) 14 (53.85) 0.392
 1st MTPJ 10 (9.80) 1 (3.85) 0.377 9 (8.82) 3 (11.54) 0.696
 Lesser toes 59 (57.84) 18 (69.23) 0.331 62 (60.78) 14 (53.85) 0.527
Type of deformity for lesser toes
 Hammer 35 (34.31) 10 (38.46) 0.675 31 (30.39) 8 (30.77) 0.966
 Mallet 10 (9.80) 10 (38.46) < 0.001 18 (17.65) 7 (26.92) 0.316
 Claw 24 (23.53) 3 (11.54) 0.194 23 (22.55) 3 (11.54) 0.218
 Retracted 7 (6.86) 1 (3.85) 0.598 6 (5.88) 1 (3.85) 0.705
  1. MTPJ Metatarsophalangeal joint, N Number of participants