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Table 2 Participant Characteristics and Between-Group Differences

From: Foot and ankle characteristics and dynamic knee valgus in individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis

  PF OA n = 51 Controls n = 23     
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean Diff Beta (95% CI) p values OR (95% CI)
Gender % female 66% 56% 10    
Age 57 (10) 56 (9) 1   0.89  
Height (m) 1.68 (10) 1.72 (11) −4   0.12  
Weight 78 (18) 72 (16) 6   0.17  
BMI 27 (6) 24 (4) 4   0.08  
Ankle DF (cm) 9 (3) 11 (3) −2 1.90(0.9–2.9) 0.0001** 6.7 (2.5–18.2)
Midfoot height mobility (mm) 14 (3) 12 (3) 2 1.64(0.6–2.7) 0.002* 5.2 (1.8–15.1)
Midfoot width mobility (mm) 13 (3) 11 (3) 2 1.47(0.3–2.6) 0.015* 4.3(1.3–14.4)
Foot Mobility Magnitude (mm) 19 (3) 17 (4) 2 2.13(0.8–3.4) 0.001** 8.45(2.3–30.7)
Foot Posture Index 4 (3) 3 (3) 1 0.90(−.1–1.9) 0.086 2.48(0.9–6.9)
FPPApeak (°)*PF OA n = 44 8 (8) 6 (9) 2 2.75(−0.5–5.9) 0.09 15.41(0.6–378.0)