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Table 3 Targeted physiotherapy versus generalize physiotherapy

From: Physical and mechanical therapies for lower limb symptoms in children with Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder and Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: a systematic review

Outcome Targeted physiotherapy Generalised physiotherapy Between groups difference
Mean change (SD) n Mean change (SD) n Mean (95% CI)
Baseline to 3 months
 Child’s pain assessmenta −25.78 (28.37) 23 −29.75 (38.63) 18 3.97 (−17.31 to 25.25)
 Parent’s pain assessment −19.91 (23.12) 23 −19.64 (23.33) 18 −0.27 (−14.60 to 14.60)
 CHAQ −0.24 (0.54) 23 −0.14 (0.55) 18 −0.10 (− 0.44 to 0.24)
 Shuttle-level assessment 2.83 (13.64) 23 0.94 (18.46) 18 1.89 (−8.30 to 12.08)
Baseline to 5 months
 Child’s pain assessment −21.23 (33.07) 17 −30.64 (37.34) 15 9.41 (−15.17 to 33.99)
 Parent’s pain assessment −21.62 (24.43) 17 −12.13 (22.14) 15 −9.49 (−25.72 to 6.74)
 CHAQ −0.15 (0.27) 17 −0.16 (0.50) 15 0.01 (−0.27 to 0.29)
  1. aMeasured with VAS/Wong Baker. Lower score desirable for all outcomes but shuttle-level assessment. CHAQ Child Health Assessment Questionnaire