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Table 2 Within-session reliability of the hindfoot, forefoot and hallux during walking

From: Reliability of a multi-segment foot model in a neutral cushioning shoe during treadmill walking

Segment Plane Angle Mean (deg) ICC SEM
Trial 1 (SD) Trial 2 (SD) Trial 3 (SD)
Hindfoot-tibia Sagittal Foot Strike 5.2 (3.7) 4.9 (3.7) 5.2 (4.3) 0.802* 0.1
  Peak DF 13.1 (4.9) 12.5 (5.5) 12.9 (6.0) 0.897* 0.1
  DF Excursion 19.4 (3.6) 20.3 (4.1) 19.6 (4.1) 0.876* 0.3
  ROM 25.6 (4.5) 26.1 (4.1) 25.3 (4.3) 0.906* 0.2
Frontal Foot Strike −0.82 (8.5) −1.0 (8.2) −0.26 (7.9) 0.976* 0.1
  Peak EVE −11.2 (8.6) −10.9 (8.2) −9.7 (7.7) 0.980* 0.2
  EVE Excursion 11.8 (3.6) 11.8 (3.9) 11.0 (3.8) 0.929* 0.2
  ROM 16.5 (5.1) 16.6 (5.0) 15.3 (4.6) 0.945* 0.3
Transverse Foot Strike −11.0 (13.1) − 9.3 (13.3) − 9.6 (13.4) 0.984* 0.2
  Peak ABD −26.7 (12.8) −25.7 (13.1) −24.9 (12.3) 0.985* 0.2
  ABD Excursion 15.8 (5.9) 16.5 (5.7) 15.3 (5.5) 0.930* 0.3
  ROM 19.2 (5.0) 19.6 (5.4) 18.6 (5.0) 0.903* 0.3
Forefoot-hindfoot Sagittal Foot Strike −8.0 (4.1) −6.7 (3.2) −8.4 (4.4) 0.654* 0.8
  Peak DF −2.3 (5.0) −0.48 (3.5) −2.5 (4.5) 0.620* 1.1
  DF Excursion 6.8 (3.3) 7.5 (3.5) 7.0 (3.4) 0.943* 0.1
  ROM 8.8 (3.1) 9.2 (3.0) 8.9 (3.6) 0.876* 0.1
Frontal Foot Strike 4.6 (6.9) 4.7 (7.3) 4.0 (6.5) 0.973* 0.1
  Peak EVE 1.0 (6.9) 1.1 (7.2) 0.47 (6.1) 0.967* 0.1
  EVE Excursion 5.3 (1.5) 5.3 (1.5) 5.3 (1.7) 0.869* 0.0
  ROM 5.9 (1.4) 6.1 (1.7) 6.0 (1.3) 0.800* 0.1
Transverse Foot Strike 9.5 (5.3) 8.8 (6.3) 8.5 (6.5) 0.979* 0.1
  Peak ABD 7.5 (6.8) 6.8 (6.7) 6.8 (6.2) 0.981* 0.1
  ABD Excursion 3.0 (1.6) 2.8 (1.1) 2.4 (0.9) 0.268 0.4
  ROM 4.3 (2.0) 4.1 (1.3) 4.0 (0.9) 0.395* 0.2
Hallux-forefoot Sagittal Foot Strike 5.1 (6.9) 4.9 (6.9) 4.8 (6.7) 0.989* 0.0
  Peak DF 9.4 (5.9) 9.3 (6.0) 9.8 (5.9) 0.983* 0.1
  DF Excursion 9.1 (6.0) 9.8 (6.9) 10.2 (6.7) 0.968* 0.2
  ROM 14.5 (8.1) 14.7 (7.9) 15.5 (7.8) 0.964* 0.2
  1. DF - Dorsiflexion, EVE - Eversion, ABD - Abduction, ROM - Range of Motion, * p-value < 0.05