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Table 1 Between-day reliability of the hindfoot, forefoot and hallux during walking

From: Reliability of a multi-segment foot model in a neutral cushioning shoe during treadmill walking

Segment Plane Angle Mean (deg) ICC SEM RMSE (deg)
Day 1 (SD) Day 2 (SD)
Hindfoot-tibia Sagittal Foot Strike 4.9 (4.0) 3.0 (3.3) −0.556 2.8 6.5
  Peak DF 12.7 (5.7) 10.7 (3.0) −0.104 2.4 6.8
  DF Excursion 19.7 (3.7) 19.8 (1.8) 0.250 0.2 3.5
  ROM 25.4 (4.4) 24.7 (2.4) 0.111 0.7 4.6
Frontal Foot Strike −0.64 (8.0) 1.1 (4.9) 0.449 1.5 6.9
  Peak EVE −10.4 (8.0) −8.4 (4.6) 0.345 1.9 7.4
  EVE Excursion 11.3 (3.6) 10.1 (2.3) 0.495* 1.0 3.1
  ROM 16.0 (5.0) 14.2 (3.3) 0.020 2.0 5.9
Transverse Foot Strike −9.8 (13.4) −6.3 (12.0) 0.272 3.5 15.2
  Peak ABD −25.6 (12.7) −22.8 (10.4) −0.032 3.3 16.2
  ABD Excursion 15.9 (5.5) 16.8 (4.4) 0.345 0.9 5.6
  ROM 19.1 (4.9) 21.6 (7.4) 0.168 2.6 8.1
Forefoot-hindfoot Sagittal Foot Strike −7.8 (3.8) −6.2 (4.0) −0.042 1.9 5.7
  Peak DF −1.8 (3.9) −0.25 (4.7) 0.183 1.6 5.5
  DF Excursion 7.0 (3.3) 6.7 (2.4) 0.665* 0.2 2.3
  ROM 8.9 (3.2) 8.2 (3.0) 0.528* 0.5 3.0
Frontal Foot Strike 4.2 (6.5) 3.3 (3.9) 0.477* 0.7 5.4
  Peak EVE 0.72 (6.3) −0.16 (4.1) 0.558* 0.7 4.9
  EVE Excursion 5.2 (1.5) 5.4 (1.8) 0.592* 0.2 1.5
  ROM 5.8 (1.2) 6.3 (1.4) 0.054 0.6 1.8
Transverse Foot Strike 8.6 (6.4) 10.9 (4.0) 0.108 2.5 7.2
  Peak ABD 6.9 (6.5) 9.2 (4.0) 0.149 2.4 7.2
  ABD Excursion 2.4 (0.7) 2.5 (1.0) 0.305 0.0 1.0
  ROM 3.6 (0.7) 3.7 (1.2) 0.710* 0.1 0.7
Hallux-forefoot Sagittal Foot Strike 4.3 (6.5) 4.6 (9.5) 0.725* 0.1 6.0
  Peak DF 8.7 (5.3) 8.9 (7.8) 0.674* 0.1 5.3
  DF Excursion 9.7 (6.1) 9.6 (5.4) 0.949* 0.0 1.8
  ROM 14.4 (7.2) 15.1 (7.2) 0.964* 0.1 1.9
  1. DF - Dorsiflexion, EVE - Eversion, ABD - Abduction, ROM - Range of Motion, * p-value < 0.05