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Table 1 Review of the literature on functional evaluation of the pediatric PV during gait using multisegment foot models

From: Effect of plano-valgus foot posture on midfoot kinematics during barefoot walking in an adolescent population

Study Model population & age (years) hindfoot/tibia forefoot/hindfoot MLA
Twomey et al. Gait & Posture, 2010 [15] Heidelberg n = 27
age = 11.2 ± 1.2
  +supination +drop
Hosl et al. Gait & Posture, 2014 [13] Oxford Foot Model n = 21
age = 11.0 ± 2.6
-dorsiflexion +sagittal ROM  
+eversion +supination
-frontal ROM +abduction
Saraswat et al. Gait & Posture, 2014 [16] Saraswata n = 10
age = 10.6 ± 1.6
+max eversion +dorsiflexion  
+plantarflexion +pronation
Kerr et al. Clin. Biomech., 2015 [17] Oxford Foot Model n = 29
age = 10.7 ± 3.5
+eversion +abduction  
+supination
Kothari et al. Gait & Posture, 2015 [18] Oxford Foot Model n = 42
age = 11.9 ± 2.0
+eversion +supination  
  1. Hindfoot/tibia, forefoot/hindfoot and MLA (medial longitudinal arch) columns show significant increase (+) or decrease (−) in gait kinematic parameters with respect to the control group reported in the study. For each study, only asymptomatic flat-foot samples have been listed in the population column
  2. amodified Shriners Hospitals for Greenville foot model