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Table 5 Foot pathologies and associations with moderate-to-severe foot pain (MSFP)

From: Foot pain and foot health in an educated population of adults: results from the Glasgow Caledonian University Alumni Foot Health Survey

  Women (n = 399) Men (n = 192) Odds ratio (95% CI) F:M Total (n = 593)a Odds ratio (95% CI) MSFP vs. no MSFP
Female gender, n (%) 399 (67.5) 1.40 (0.98–2.01)*
Foot problems previous 6 months
 Callous 183 (45.9) 68 (35.4) 1.55 (1.08–2.20)** 252 (42.5) 1.18 (0.73–1.89)
 Corns 68 (17.0) 13 (6.8) 2.83 (1.52–5.26)** 81 (13.7) 1.18 (0.73–1.89)
 Fungal 58 (14.5) 46 (24.0) 0.54 (0.35–0.83)** 105 (17.5) 1.03 (0.67–1.59)
 Verruca 27 (6.8) 7 (3.6) 1.92 (0.82–4.49) 34 (5.7) 1.21 (0.60–2.43)
 Bunions 72 (18.0) 3 (1.6) 13.87 (4.31–44.64)**b 75 (12.6) 1.66 (1.02–2.69)**
 Claw toes 36 (9.0) 15 (7.8) 1.17 (0.62–2.19) 51 (8.6) 1.51 (0.85–2.68)*
 Nails 128 (32.1) 58 (30.2) 1.09 (0.75–1.58) 187 (31.5) 1.36 (0.96–1.91)*
  1. aincludes 2 cases who preferred not to disclose gender
  2. bFisher’s exact test
  3. *significant at p < 0.2
  4. **significant at p < 0.05