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Table 4 Regional foot pain characteristics and gender associations

From: Foot pain and foot health in an educated population of adults: results from the Glasgow Caledonian University Alumni Foot Health Survey

  Women (n = 399) Men (n = 192) Total (n = 593) a Odds ratio (95% CI) F:M
Moderate-to-severe foot pain, n (%) 169 (42.4) 66 (34.4) 236 (39.8) 1.40 (0.98–2.01)
Foot pain region, n (%)
 Hindfoot 47 (11.8) 26 (13.5) 74 (12.5) 0.73 (0.45–1.18)
  Unilateral 24 (6.0) 16 (8.3) 40 (6.7)  
  Bilateral 23 (5.8) 10 (5.2) 34 (5.7)  
 Forefoot 82 (20.6) 37 (19.2) 119 (20.1) 2.24 (1.41–3.56) *
  Unilateral 45 (11.3) 26 (13.5) 71 (11.9)  
  Bilateral 37 (9.3) 11 (5.7) 48 (8.1)  
 Toes 89 (22.3) 34 (18.7) 123 (20.7) 1.42 (0.94–2.15)
  Unilateral 45 (11.3) 21 (11.9) 66 (11.1)  
  Bilateral 44 (11.0) 13 (6.8) 57 (9.6)  
 Ball 102 (25.6) 43 (22.4) 146 (24.6) 1.87 (1.24–2.81) *
  Unilateral 41 (10.3) 10 (5.2) 51 (8.6)  
  Bilateral 61 (15.3) 33 (17.2) 95 (16.0)  
 Arch 105 (26.3) 51 (26.6) 156 (26.3) 1.09 (0.74–1.56)
  Unilateral 40 (10.0) 23 (12.0) 63 (10.6)  
  Bilateral 65 (16.3) 28 (14.6) 93 (15.7)  
 Heel 72 (18.1) 37 (19.3) 110 (18.5) 1.58 (1.01–2.47) *
  Unilateral 31 (7.8) 17 (8.9) 49 (8.3)  
  Bilateral 41 (10.3) 20 (10.4) 61 (10.3)  
 Nails 52 (13) 18 (9.4) 71 (12.0) 1.43 (0.83–2.46)
  Unilateral 28 (7.0) 9 (4.7) 37 (6.2)  
  Bilateral 24 (6.0) 9 (4.7) 34 (5.7)  
  1. aincludes 2 cases who preferred not to disclose gender
  2. *Pearson’s chi square significant at p < 0.05