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Table 2 Foot pain, foot health, HRQoL characteristics and gender associations

From: Foot pain and foot health in an educated population of adults: results from the Glasgow Caledonian University Alumni Foot Health Survey

  Women (n = 399) Men (n = 192) Total (n = 593) d Standardised Beta
Foot pain severity (past week) 100 mm VAS scales
 Left foot, median (IQR) 10 (0–45) 8.5 (0–31.8) 10.0 (0–38.5) 0.08
 Right foot, median (IQR) 14 (1–50) 4 (0–34.8) 11.0 (0–41.0) 0.08
 Overall, median (IQR) 20 (3–53) 13 (0–47.3) 17.0 (2–52.0) 0.09*
Foot Health: FHSQa
 Pain, median (IQR) 72.5 (53.8–84.4) 81.3 (65.6–87.5) 78.1 (59.4–84.4) − 0.19*
 Function, median (IQR) 93.8 (81.3–100.0) 100 (87.5–100.0) 93.8 (81.3–100.0) − 0.09*
 General foot health, median (IQR) 60.0 (42.5–85.0) 72.5 (60.0–85.0) 60.0 (42.5–85.0) −0.11*
 Footwear, median (IQR) 50.0 (25.0–75.0) 75.0 (41.7–100.0) 58.3 (33.3–83.3) −0.24*
HRQoL: EQ. 5D-5 L
 EQ 5D-5 L Indexb, median (IQR) 0.837 (0.735–0.879) 0.837 (0.767–1.0) 0.837 (0.740–1.00) −0.05
 EQ 5D-5 L VASc, median (IQR) 82 (70–90) 80 (66–90) 80 (70–90) 0.07
  1. an female = 376; n male = 181; n total 559
  2. bn female = 350; n male = 168; n total 520
  3. cn female = 342; n male = 163; n total 506
  4. dincludes 2 cases who preferred not to disclose gender
  5. *univariate linear regression female gender association significant at p < 0.05