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Table 5 Contact area (cm2) at the time of peak pressure using two different masking protocols and during two insole conditions (values are means ± SDs, percentage changes and effect sizes)

From: An anatomically-based masking protocol for the assessment of in-shoe plantar pressure measurement of the forefoot

  Insole condition % change (95% CI) Effect size
  Control Pad in-line   
Traditional mask   40.3 ± 5.9 43.6 ± 5.0 8.1% (4.7 to 11.5) 0.61*
Anatomically-based mask Distal 10.7 ± 0.9 10.8 ± 0.7 1.2% (−0.4 to 2.9) 0.13
Beneath 10.1 ± 0.6 9.9 ± 0.7 −2.3% (−4.4 to −0.2) 0.31*
Proximal 14.7 ± 5.7 17.9 ± 4.7 21.8% (10.6 to 33.0) 0.62*
  1. Note: Control insole condition indicates no metatarsal pad and pad-in-line condition indicates metatarsal pad positioned in-line with the metatarsal head parabola. *Significantly different peak pressure for the pad in-line condition compared with the control condition, p < 0.05