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Table 3 Peak pressure (kPa) using two different masking protocols and during two insole conditions (values are means ± SDs, percentage changes and effect sizes)

From: An anatomically-based masking protocol for the assessment of in-shoe plantar pressure measurement of the forefoot

  Insole condition % change (95% CI) Effect size
  Control Pad in-line   
Traditional mask   389.4 ± 113.6 333.6 ± 91.2 −14.3% (−20.0 to −8.7%) 0.55*
Anatomically-based mask Distal 351.7 ± 127.5 292.0 ± 99.0 −17.0% (−24.0 to −9.9%) 0.53*
Beneath 213.8 ± 90.3 176.8 ± 64.3 −17.3% (− 28.5 to −6.1%) 0.48*
Proximal 110.9 ± 52.4 104.7 ± 27.7 −5.6% (− 17.3 to 6.0%) 0.15
  1. Note: Control insole condition indicates no metatarsal pad and pad-in-line condition indicates metatarsal pad positioned in-line with the metatarsal head parabola. *Significantly different peak pressure for the pad in-line condition compared with the control condition, p < 0.05